‪#‎summertips‬ on how to stay cool and run well in the heat ! ‪#‎mayomhospital‬

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The article was professionally consulted by Specialist Doctor I Nguyen Hong Phuc - Emergency Resuscitation Doctor, Emergency Resuscitation Department - nhatroso.com Phu Quoc International General Hospital. The doctor has nearly đôi mươi years of experience in Emergency Resuscitation.

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Heat stroke is caused by the body toàn thân overheating, often from prolonged exposure or exertion khổng lồ high temperatures. Preventing heatstroke from heat includes drinking enough fluids and avoiding extreme heat.
During this time, the whole country is experiencing an intense heat wave with outdoor temperatures frequently above 40 degrees Celsius. This can lead lớn heat problems such as sunburn, cramps, fainting, heatstroke. ... Of which the most dangerous is thermal shock. Heat stroke (or heatstroke, heat stroke) is a serious type of heat illness. Normally, the thermoregulatory center keeps the body temperature at a constant level, not changing much according lớn the impact of the environment. When exposed khổng lồ prolonged hot sun, exertion causes the thermoregulatory center khổng lồ be damaged or can no longer control that balance, the body toàn thân temperature will increase sharply, causing disturbances in toàn thân functions, especially nervous system, which can lead lớn coma và death. The target group at high risk of heat stroke is: The elderly, children, women: Those with poor tolerance People with chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, liver disease, cancer, .. Outdoor workers such as workers, farmers, sports athletes, soldiers training in the field, delivery workers,... All patients have the common characteristic of working long hours in the field. Hot và sunny conditions, do not rest và fully replenish water & electrolytes. The most common complications in patients with late acute heat stroke are convulsions, rhabdomyolysis, renal failure, prolonged coma, irreversible neurological and other organ damage, and even death. .
Nắng nóng
Heat stroke can have a sudden or gradual onset. Some manifestations of heat stroke are: Excessive sweating, muscle pain, muscle weakness, cramps, dizziness, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, dizziness or fainting. High fever over 39-40 degrees Celsius Dry, hot skin. Consciousness disturbances such as delirium, convulsions, coma. This is a potentially life-threatening condition that should be treated on the spot & then taken to lớn the emergency room. How khổng lồ handle when the patient shows signs of heat stroke by cooling down, cooling the body quickly and supportive care measures through the following steps: Quickly move the victim out of the hot area, into a place. Cool. Lay victim down, remove clothing. Use cold water or a wet towel to cover the entire body of the person with heat stroke, & use a tín đồ to cool down. Can spray water on people, use fans, put people in ice water. Give water immediately if awake và not vomiting much. At the same time, immediately call an ambulance và transfer the patient to lớn the nearest medical facility. On the way, need to mở cửa the air conditioner or ambulance window, continue lớn apply a wet towel và cold water on the body to cool down. Intravenous fluids are given if possible & the patient"s body temperature is always monitored. If the patient already has kidney damage, ongoing dialysis may be required. Intensive care depends on the patient"s condition.

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If you have khổng lồ go out in the sun, the intense sunlight hits your skin causing your body temperature lớn rise. Once there, the most effective prevention would include drinking enough fluids và avoiding extreme heat. 3.1. Always cover up when outdoors Wear sunscreen : Sunscreen jackets are often designed with materials that can block both UV rays and reduce heat absorption, which is very suitable for health protection from harsh sunlight , especially on summer days. Currently, there are more and more types of good sunscreen, not only for women but also for children, adults and men khổng lồ protect health & skin.
Mặc áo kháng nắng
Cover: Cover your head & face while traveling. Umbrella/umbrella: If walking to protect from the sun. Wear a hat when going out in the sun: Not only should the head be protected, but the nape of the neck should also be protected from the hot sun because this is an extremely sensitive skin. Cover the nape (back of the neck): The body"s thermoregulatory center is located in the nape of the neck. Direct sunlight on the nape of the neck can paralyze the center và lose the ability to lớn control body toàn thân temperature. Therefore, covering the nape of the neck by wearing a wide-brimmed hat, wearing a shirt with a high collar, or using a wide face veil that can be wrapped around the nape of the neck when going out in the hot sun is essential. For workers: khổng lồ prevent heat stroke, workers need to lớn wear sun protection and safety glasses when working outdoors. Time exposed to hot sun: Arrange a reasonable time lớn work outdoors and rest, avoid exposure khổng lồ high temperature environments for too long. 3.2. Maintain toàn thân moisture Drink enough water, avoid dehydration and salt when you have to lớn work or go out in the hot sun. The toàn thân often loses a lot of water and electrolytes due khổng lồ heat in the summer. Keep some salt, sugar và water handy và replenish them whenever you feel tired & exhausted. This will help maintain water và electrolyte balance throughout the day.
Uống nước
3.3. Avoid alcohol & caffeine Alcohol & caffeine both dehydrate the body, leaving the toàn thân vulnerable khổng lồ heat exhaustion. 3.4. Snack Eat foods that are easy to lớn digest. Avoid junk food, instead opt for fruit and salad snacks that are easy to lớn digest, provide energy, and are cool. It is necessary to limit some spices or spicy và hot foods because they can make the body toàn thân hotter & uncomfortable. 3.5. Apply sunscreen The sun can lead lớn sunburn and pigmentation. Use sunscreen to lớn protect your skin from sun damage. More attention should be paid khổng lồ choosing a sunscreen with the right SPF và PA rating. 3.6. Wearing sunglasses Exposure lớn bright sunlight, which contains UV rays during the summer, can damage your eyes, causing many eye diseases such as: conjunctivitis, keratitis, dry eyes,... Wearing glasses Shading when going out will help protect your eyes. 3.7. Strengthening exercise Strength training not only makes the toàn thân more supple và full of life, but also helps lớn increase the ability lớn adapt lớn harsh weather.