Travelling to the netherlands from abroad

      8
Excel for nhatroso.com 365 Excel for the web Excel 2021 Excel 2019 Excel năm 2016 Excel 2013 Excel 2010 Excel 2007 More...Less

Conditional formatting can help make patterns and trends in your data more apparent. Lớn use it, you create rules that determine the format of cells based on their values, such as the following monthly temperature data with cell colors tied to cell values. 

*

You can apply conditional formatting to lớn a range of cells (either a selection or a named range), an Excel table, & in Excel for Windows, even a PivotTable report.

Bạn đang xem: Travelling to the netherlands from abroad



Conditional formatting typically works the same way in a range of cells, an Excel table, or a PivotTable report. However, conditional formatting in a PivotTable report has some extra considerations:

There are some conditional formats that don"t work with fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report. For example, you can"t format such fields based on whether they contain unique or duplicate values. These restrictions are mentioned in the remaining sections of this article, where applicable.

If you change the layout of the PivotTable report by filtering, hiding levels, collapsing & expanding levels, or moving a field, the conditional format is maintained as long as the fields in the underlying data are not removed.

The scope of the conditional format for fields in the Values area can be based on the data hierarchy & is determined by all the visible children (the next lower màn chơi in a hierarchy) of a parent (the next higher cấp độ in a hierarchy) on rows for one or more columns, or columns for one or more rows.


Note: In the data hierarchy, children bởi not inherit conditional formatting from the parent, và the parent does not inherit conditional formatting from the children.


There are three methods for scoping the conditional format of fields in the Values area: by selection, by corresponding field, và by value field.

The default method of scoping fields in the Values area is by selection. You can change the scoping method to the corresponding field or value field by using the Apply formatting rule to option button, the New Formatting Rule dialog box, or the Edit Formatting Rule dialog box.

Method

Use this method if you want to select

Scoping by selection

A contiguous set of fields in the Values area, such as all of the hàng hóa totals for one region.

A non-contiguous phối of fields in the Values area, such as hàng hóa totals for different regions across levels in the data hierarchy.

Scoping by value field

Avoid making many non-contiguous selections.

Conditionally format a set of fields in the Values area for all levels in the hierarchy of data.

Include subtotals & grand totals.

Scoping by corresponding field

Avoid making many non-contiguous selections.

Conditionally format a set of fields in the Values area for one màn chơi in the hierarchy of data.

Exclude subtotals.

When you conditionally format fields in the Values area for top, bottom, above average, or below average values, the rule is based on all visible values by default. However, when you scope by corresponding field, instead of using all visible values, you can apply the conditional format for each combination of:

A column and its parent row field.

A row and its parent column field.


Use the Quick Analysis button lớn apply selected conditional formatting to lớn the selected data. The Quick Analysis button appears automatically when you select data.

Select the data that you want lớn conditionally format. The Quick Analysis button appears on the lower-right corner of the selection.

*

Click the Quick Analysis button , or press Ctrl+Q.

In the pop-up that appears, on the Formatting tab, move your mouse over the different options to lớn see a Live Preview on your data, and then click on the formatting option you want.

*


Notes: 

The formatting options that appear in the Formatting tab depend on the data you have selected. If your selection contains only text, then the available options are Text, Duplicate, Unique, Equal To, and Clear. When the selection contains only numbers, or both text and numbers, then the options are Data Bars, Colors, Icon Sets, Greater, Top 10%, and Clear.

Live preview will only render for those formatting options that can be used on your data. For example, if your selected cells don"t contain matching data & you select Duplicate, the live preview will not work.


If the Text that Contains dialog box appears, enter the formatting option you want khổng lồ apply and click OK.

If you"d like to watch a clip that shows how to use Quick Analysis to lớn apply conditional formatting, see Video: Use conditional formatting.


*


Quick formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next khổng lồ Conditional Formatting, & then click Color Scales.

Select a two-color scale.

Hover over the color scale icons to see which icon is a two-color scale. The top màu sắc represents higher values, and the bottom màu sắc represents lower values.

You can change the method of scoping for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by using the Formatting Options button that appears next to a PivotTable field that has conditional formatting applied.

Advanced formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next to lớn Conditional Formatting, và then click Manage Rules. The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

Do one of the following:

To địa chỉ cửa hàng a completely new conditional format, click New Rule. The New Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

To địa chỉ cửa hàng a new conditional format based on one that is already listed, select the rule, then click Duplicate Rule. The duplicate rule appears in the dialog box. Select the duplicate, then select Edit Rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears. 

To change a conditional format, do the following:

Make sure that the appropriate worksheet, table, or PivotTable report is selected in the Show formatting rules for menu box.

Optionally, change the range of cells by clicking Collapse Dialog in the Applies to box to lớn temporarily hide the dialog box, by selecting the new range of cells on the worksheet, & then by selecting Expand Dialog.

Select the rule, & then click Edit rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

Under Apply Rule To, to lớn optionally change the scope for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by:

Selection: Click Selected cells.

All cells for a Value label: Click All cells showing values.

All cells for a Value label, excluding subtotals and the grand total: Click All cells showing values for .

Under Select a Rule Type, click Format all cells based on their values (default).

Under Edit the Rule Description, in the Format Style menu box, select 2-Color Scale.

To select a type in the Type box for Minimum & Maximum, vì one of the following:

Format lowest & highest values: Select Lowest Value & Highest Value.

In this case, you vì not enter a Minimum & MaximumValue.

Format a number, date, or time value: Select Number and then enter a Minimum and MaximumValue.

Format a percentage Percent: Enter a MinimumMaximumValue.

Valid values are from 0 (zero) to lớn 100. Don"t enter a percent sign.

Use a percentage when you want lớn visualize all values proportionally because the distribution of values is proportional.

Format a percentile: Select Percentile & then enter a Minimum & MaximumValue. Valid percentiles are from 0 (zero) to 100.

Use a percentile when you want lớn visualize a group of high values (such as the vị trí cao nhất 20thpercentile) in one màu sắc grade proportion and low values (such as the bottom 20th percentile) in another màu sắc grade proportion, because they represent extreme values that might skew the visualization of your data.

Format a formula result: Select Formula & then enter values for Minimum & Maximum.

The formula must return a number, date, or time value.

Start the formula with an equal sign (=).

Invalid formulas result in no formatting being applied.

It"s a good idea to thử nghiệm the formula to make sure that it doesn"t return an error value.


Notes: 

Make sure that the Minimum value is less than the Maximum value.

You can choose a different type for the Minimum & Maximum. For example, you can choose a number for Minimum a percentage for Maximum.


To choose a Minimum and Maximum màu sắc scale, click Color for each, và then select a color.

If you want to choose additional colors or create a custom color, click More Colors. The màu sắc scale you select is shown in the Preview box.


Quick formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next lớn Conditional Formatting, và then click Color Scales.

Select a three-color scale. The top màu sắc represents higher values, the center màu sắc represents middle values, & the bottom màu sắc represents lower values.

Hover over the color scale icons khổng lồ see which icon is a three-color scale.

You can change the method of scoping for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by using the Formatting Options button that appears next lớn a PivotTable field that has conditional formatting applied..

Advanced formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next khổng lồ Conditional Formatting, and then click Manage Rules. The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

Do one of the following:

To địa chỉ cửa hàng a new conditional format, click New Rule. The New Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

To địa chỉ a new conditional format based on one that is already listed, select the rule, then click Duplicate Rule. The duplicate rule is copied & appears in the dialog box. Select the duplicate, then select Edit Rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears. 

To change a conditional format, vì the following:

Make sure that the appropriate worksheet, table, or PivotTable report is selected in the Show formatting rules for list box.

Optionally, change the range of cells by clicking Collapse Dialog in the Applies to box to lớn temporarily hide the dialog box, by selecting the new range of cells on the worksheet, and then by selecting Expand Dialog.

Select the rule, & then click Edit rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

Under Apply Rule To, lớn optionally change the scope for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by:

Selection: Click Just these cells.

Corresponding field: Click All cells with the same fields.

Value field: Click All cells.

Under Select a Rule Type, click Format all cells based on their values.

Under Edit the Rule Description, in the Format Style menu box, select 3-Color Scale.

Select a type for Minimum, Midpoint, and Maximum. Vì chưng one of the following:

Format lowest and highest values: Select a Midpoint.

In this case, you vì not enter a Lowest & HighestValue.

Format a number, date, or time value: Select Number và then enter a value for Minimum, Midpoint, and Maximum.

Format a percentage: Select Percent và then enter a value for Minimum, Midpoint, và Maximum. Valid values are from 0 (zero) khổng lồ 100. Vị not enter a percent (%) sign.

Use a percentage when you want khổng lồ visualize all values proportionally, because using a percentage ensures that the distribution of values is proportional.

Format a percentile: Select Percentile & then enter a value for Minimum, Midpoint, và Maximum.

Valid percentiles are from 0 (zero) lớn 100.

Use a percentile when you want to visualize a group of high values (such as the đứng đầu 20th percentile) in one color grade proportion và low values (such as the bottom 20th percentile) in another màu sắc grade proportion, because they represent extreme values that might skew the visualization of your data.

Format a formula result: Select Formula & then enter a value for Minimum, Midpoint, and Maximum.

The formula must return a number, date, or time value. Start the formula with an equal sign (=). Invalid formulas result in no formatting being applied. It"s a good idea to thử nghiệm the formula lớn make sure that it doesn"t return an error value.


Notes: 

You can set minimum, midpoint, and maximum values for the range of cells. Make sure that the value in Minimum is less than the value in Midpoint, which in turn is less than the value in Maximum.

You can choose a different type for Minimum, Midpoint, and Maximum. For example, you can choose a Minimum number, Midpoint percentile, & Maximum percent.

In many cases, the mặc định Midpoint value of 50 percent works best, but you can adjust this lớn fit quality requirements.


To choose a Minimum, Midpoint, & Maximum màu sắc scale, click Color for each, & then select a color.

To choose additional colors or create a custom color, click More Colors.

The màu sắc scale you select is shown in the Preview box.


A data bar helps you see the value of a cell relative to lớn other cells. The length of the data bar represents the value in the cell. A longer bar represents a higher value, and a shorter bar represents a lower value. Data bars are useful in spotting higher and lower numbers, especially with large amounts of data, such as top selling and bottom selling toys in a holiday sales report.

The example shown here uses data bars khổng lồ highlight dramatic positive and negative values. You can format data bars so that the data bar starts in the middle of the cell, và stretches to lớn the left for negative values.

*


Tip: If any cells in the range contain a formula that returns an error, the conditional formatting is not applied lớn those cells. To lớn ensure that the conditional formatting is applied to lớn those cells, use an IS or IFERROR function khổng lồ return a value (such as 0 or "N/A") instead of an error value.


Quick formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Style group, click the arrow next to lớn Conditional Formatting, click Data Bars, và then select a data bar icon.

You can change the method of scoping for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by using the Apply formatting rule to option button.

Advanced formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next khổng lồ Conditional Formatting, & then click Manage Rules. The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

Do one of the following:

To địa chỉ cửa hàng a conditional format, click New Rule. The New Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

To địa chỉ a new conditional format based on one that is already listed, select the rule, then click Duplicate Rule. The duplicate rule is copied & appears in the dialog box. Select the duplicate, then select Edit Rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears. 

To change a conditional format, vì the following:

Make sure that the appropriate worksheet, table, or PivotTable report is selected in the Show formatting rules for menu box.

Optionally, change the range of cells by clicking Collapse Dialog in the Applies to box khổng lồ temporarily hide the dialog box, by selecting the new range of cells on the worksheet, và then by selecting Expand Dialog.

Select the rule, and then click Edit rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

Under Apply Rule To, lớn optionally change the scope for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by:

Selection: Click Just these cells.

Corresponding field: Click All cells with the same fields.

Value field: Click All cells.

Under Select a Rule Type, click Format all cells based on their values.

Under Edit the Rule Description, in the Format Style list box, select Data Bar.

Select a Minimum & MaximumType. Vày one of the following:

Format lowest & highest values: Select Lowest Value & Highest Value.

In this case, you bởi vì not enter a value for Minimum and Maximum.

Format a number, date, or time value: Select Number và then enter a Minimum & MaximumValue.

Format a percentage: Select Percent and then enter a value for Minimum and Maximum.

Valid values are from 0 (zero) khổng lồ 100. Bởi vì not enter a percent (%) sign.

Use a percentage when you want to visualize all values proportionally, because using a percentage ensures that the distribution of values is proportional.

Format a percentile Select Percentile và then enter a value for Minimum and Maximum.

Valid percentiles are from 0 (zero) khổng lồ 100.

Use a percentile when you want to visualize a group of high values (such as the đứng đầu 20th percentile) in one data bar proportion and low values (such as the bottom 20th percentile) in another data bar proportion, because they represent extreme values that might skew the visualization of your data.

Format a formula result Select Formula, & then enter a value for MinimumMaximum.

The formula has to return a number, date, or time value.

Start the formula with an equal sign (=).

Invalid formulas result in no formatting being applied.

It"s a good idea to test the formula to make sure that it doesn"t return an error value.


Notes: 

Make sure that the Minimum value is less than the Maximum value.

You can choose a different type for MinimumMaximum. For example, you can choose a Minimum number & a Maximum percent.


To choose a MinimumMaximum màu sắc scale, click Bar Color.

If you want to choose additional colors or create a custom color, click More Colors. The bar màu sắc you select is shown in the Preview box.

To show only the data bar và not the value in the cell, select Show Bar Only.

To apply a solid border to lớn data bars, select Solid Border in the Border list box và choose a màu sắc for the border.

To choose between a solid bar & a gradiated bar, choose Solid Fill or Gradient Fill in the Fill menu box.

To format negative bars, click Negative Value và Axis và then, in the Negative Value and Axis Settings dialog box, choose options for the negative bar fill and border colors. You can choose position settings và a màu sắc for the axis. When you are finished selecting options, click OK.

You can change the direction of bars by choosing a setting in the Bar Direction các mục box. This is set to Context by default, but you can choose between a left-to-right and a right-to-left direction, depending on how you want khổng lồ present your data.


The example shown here works with several examples of conditional formatting icon sets.

*

You can choose khổng lồ show icons only for cells that meet a condition; for example, displaying a warning icon for those cells that fall below a critical value và no icons for those that exceed it. To bởi this, you hide icons by selecting No Cell Icon from the icon drop-down list next khổng lồ the icon when you are setting conditions. You can also create your own combination of icon sets; for example, a green "symbol" check mark, a yellow "traffic light", & a red "flag."


Tip: If any cells in the selection contain a formula that returns an error, the conditional formatting is not applied to lớn those cells. Lớn ensure that the conditional formatting is applied khổng lồ those cells, use an IS or IFERROR function lớn return a value (such as 0 or "N/A") instead of an error value.


Quick formatting

Select the cells that you want khổng lồ conditionally format.

On the Home tab, in the Style group, click the arrow next khổng lồ Conditional Formatting, click Icon Set, và then select an icon set.

You can change the method of scoping for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by using the Apply formatting rule to option button.

Advanced formatting

Select the cells that you want khổng lồ conditionally format.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next lớn Conditional Formatting, and then click Manage Rules. The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

Do one of the following:

To địa chỉ a conditional format, click New Rule. The New Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

To địa chỉ cửa hàng a new conditional format based on one that is already listed, select the rule, then click Duplicate Rule. The duplicate rule is copied and appears in the dialog box. Select the duplicate, then select Edit Rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears. 

To change a conditional format, vày the following:

Make sure that the appropriate worksheet, table, or PivotTable report is selected in the Show formatting rules for menu box.

Optionally, change the range of cells by clicking Collapse Dialog in the Applies to box lớn temporarily hide the dialog box, by selecting the new range of cells on the worksheet, và then by selecting Expand Dialog.

Select the rule, and then click Edit rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

Under Apply Rule To, to lớn optionally change the scope for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by:

Selection: Click Just these cells.

Corresponding field: Click All cells with the same fields.

Value field: Click All cells.

Under Select a Rule Type, click Format all cells based on their values.

Under Edit the Rule Description, in the Format Style list box, select Icon Set.

Select an icon set. The mặc định is 3 Traffic Lights (Unrimmed). The number of icons and the mặc định comparison operators and threshold values for each icon can vary for each icon set.

You can adjust the comparison operators and threshold values. The mặc định range of values for each icon are equal in size, but you can adjust these to fit your quality requirements. Make sure that the thresholds are in a logical sequence of highest to lớn lowest from top to bottom.

Do one of the following:

Format a number, date, or time value: Select Number.

Format a percentage: Select Percent.

Valid values are from 0 (zero) to 100. Vì not enter a percent (%) sign.

Use a percentage when you want lớn visualize all values proportionally, because using a percentage ensures that the distribution of values is proportional.

Format a percentile: Select Percentile. Valid percentiles are from 0 (zero) khổng lồ 100.

Use a percentile when you want lớn visualize a group of high values (such as the top 20th percentile) using a particular icon & low values (such as the bottom 20th percentile) using another icon, because they represent extreme values that might skew the visualization of your data.

Format a formula result: Select Formula, and then enter a formula in each Value box.

The formula must return a number, date, or time value.

Start the formula with an equal sign (=).

Invalid formulas result in no formatting being applied.

It"s a good idea to thử nghiệm the formula to make sure that it doesn"t return an error value.

To make the first icon represent lower values & the last icon represent higher values, select Reverse Icon Order.

To show only the icon và not the value in the cell, select Show Icon Only.


Notes: 

You may need to lớn adjust the column width khổng lồ accommodate the icon.

The form size of the icon shown depends on the font kích cỡ that is used in that cell. As the kích thước of the phông is increased, the kích cỡ of the icon increases proportionally.


To more easily find specific cells, you can format them by using a comparison operator. For example, in an inventory worksheet sorted by categories, you could highlight products with fewer than 10 items on hand in yellow. Or, in a retail store summary worksheet, you might identify all stores with profits greater than 10%, sales volumes less than $100,000, and region equal khổng lồ "SouthEast."

The examples shown here work with examples of built-in conditional formatting criteria, such as Greater Than, & Top %. This formats cities with a population greater than 2,000,000 with a green background & average high temperatures in the top 30% with orange.

*


Note: You cannot conditionally format fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by text or by date, only by number.


Quick formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Style group, click the arrow next to lớn Conditional Formatting, & then click Highlight Cells Rules.

Select the command you want, such as Between, Equal khổng lồ Text that Contains, or A Date Occurring.

Enter the values you want to use, và then select a format.

Xem thêm: Cài Win 7 Bằng Usb Không Cần Bất Kỳ Phần Mềm Cài Win 7 Không Cần Đĩa Win

You can change the method of scoping for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by using the Apply formatting rule to option button.

If you"d like to watch videos of these techniques, see Video: Conditionally format text và Video: Conditionally format dates.

Advanced formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the trang chủ tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next lớn Conditional Formatting, and then click Manage Rules. The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

Do one of the following:

To địa chỉ cửa hàng a conditional format, click New Rule. The New Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

To add a new conditional format based on one that is already listed, select the rule, then click Duplicate Rule. The duplicate rule is copied and appears in the dialog box. Select the duplicate, then select Edit Rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears. 

To change a conditional format, bởi vì the following:

Make sure that the appropriate worksheet, table, or PivotTable report is selected in the Show formatting rules for menu box.

Optionally, change the range of cells by clicking Collapse Dialog in the Applies to box to lớn temporarily hide the dialog box, by selecting the new range of cells on the worksheet or on other worksheets, & then by selecting Expand Dialog.

Select the rule, & then click Edit rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

Under Apply Rule To, to optionally change the scope for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by:

Selection: Click Just these cells.

Corresponding field: Click All cells with the same fields.

Value field: Click All cells.

Under Select a Rule Type, click Format only cells that contain.

Under Edit the Rule Description, in the Format only cells with menu box, vị one of the following:

Format by number, date, or time: Select Cell Value, select a comparison operator, và then enter a number, date, or time.

You can also enter a formula that returns a number, date, or time value.

If you enter a formula, start it with an equal sign (=).

Invalid formulas result in no formatting being applied.

It"s a good idea to chạy thử the formula lớn make sure that it doesn"t return an error value.

Format by text: Select Specific Text, choosing a comparison operator, và then enter text.

For example, select Contains và then enter Silver, or select Starting with and then enter Tri.

Quotes are included in the search string, and you may use wildcard characters. The maximum length of a string is 255 characters.

You can also enter a formula that returns text.

If you enter a formula, start it with an equal sign (=).

Invalid formulas result in no formatting being applied.

Format cells with blanks or no blanks: Select Blanks or No Blanks.

A blank value is a cell that contains no data & is different from a cell that contains one or more spaces (spaces are considered as text).

Format cells with error or no error values: Select Errors or No Errors.

Error values include: #####, #VALUE!, #DIV/0!, #NAME?, #N/A, #REF!, #NUM!, and #NULL!.

To specify a format, click Format. The Format Cells dialog box appears.

Select the number, font, border, or fill format you want to apply when the cell value meets the condition, và then click OK.

You can choose more than one format. The formats you select are shown in the Preview box.


You can find the highest và lowest values in a range of cells that are based on a cutoff value you specify. For example, you can find the top 5 selling products in a regional report, the bottom 15% products in a customer survey, or the vị trí cao nhất 25 salaries in a department .

Quick formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Style group, click the arrow next to Conditional Formatting, and then click Top/Bottom Rules.

Select the command you want, such as Top 10 items or Bottom 10 %.

Enter the values you want lớn use, và then select a format.

You can change the method of scoping for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by using the Apply formatting rule to option button.

Advanced formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next to Conditional Formatting, và then click Manage Rules. The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

Do one of the following:

To địa chỉ a conditional format, click New Rule. The New Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

To add a new conditional format based on one that is already listed, select the rule, then click Duplicate Rule. The duplicate rule is copied & appears in the dialog box. Select the duplicate, then select Edit Rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears. 

To change a conditional format, vì the following:

Make sure that the appropriate worksheet, table, or PivotTable report is selected in the Show formatting rules for danh mục box.

Optionally, change the range of cells by clicking Collapse Dialog in the Applies to box to temporarily hide the dialog box, by selecting the new range of cells on the worksheet, & then by selecting Expand Dialog.

Select the rule, và then click Edit rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

Under Apply Rule To, to optionally change the scope fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by:

Selection: Click Just these cells.

Corresponding field: Click All cells with the same fields.

Value field: Click All cells.

Under Select a Rule Type, click Format only đứng top or bottom ranked values.

Under Edit the Rule Description, in the Format values that rank in the các mục box, select Top or Bottom.

Do one of the following:

To specify a vị trí cao nhất or bottom number, enter a number & then clear the % of the selected range box. Valid values are 1 to 1000.

To specify a đứng top or bottom percentage, enter a number & then select the % of the selected range box. Valid values are 1 khổng lồ 100.

Optionally, change how the format is applied for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report that are scoped by corresponding field.

By default, the conditional format is based on all visible values. However when you scope by corresponding field, instead of using all visible values, you can apply the conditional format for each combination of:

A column và its parent row field, by selecting each Column group.

A row và its parent column field, by selecting each Row group.

To specify a format, click Format. The Format Cells dialog box appears.

Select the number, font, border, or fill format you want khổng lồ apply when the cell value meets the condition, & then click OK.

You can choose more than one format. The formats you select are shown in the Preview box.


You can find values above or below an average or standard deviation in a range of cells. For example, you can find the above average performers in an annual performance review or you can locate manufactured materials that fall below two standard deviations in a quality rating.

Quick formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Style group, click the arrow next lớn Conditional Formatting, và then click Top/Bottom Rules.

Select the command you want, such as Above Average or Below Average.

Enter the values you want lớn use, & then select a format.

You can change the method of scoping for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by using the Apply formatting rule to option button.

Advanced formatting

Select one or more cells in a range, table, or PivotTable report.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next to Conditional Formatting, and then click Manage Rules. The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

Do one of the following:

To địa chỉ a conditional format, click New Rule. The New Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

To địa chỉ a new conditional format based on one that is already listed, select the rule, then click Duplicate Rule. The duplicate rule is copied & appears in the dialog box. Select the duplicate, then select Edit Rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears. 

To change a conditional format, vày the following:

Make sure that the appropriate worksheet, table, or PivotTable report is selected in the Show formatting rules for các mục box.

Optionally, change the range of cells by clicking Collapse Dialog in the Applies to box to lớn temporarily hide the dialog box, by selecting the new range of cells on the worksheet, and then by selecting Expand Dialog.

Select the rule, and then click Edit rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

Under Apply Rule To, to lớn optionally change the scope for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report by:

Selection: Click Just these cells.

Corresponding field: Click All cells with the same fields.

Value field: Click All cells.

Under Select a Rule Type, click Format only values that are above or below average.

Under Edit the Rule Description, in the Format values that are danh mục box, vị one of the following:

To format cells that are above or below the average for all of the cells in the range, select Above or Below.

To format cells that are above or below one, two, or three standard deviations for all of the cells in the range, select a standard deviation.

Optionally, change how the format is applied for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report that are scoped by corresponding field.

By default, the conditionally format is based on all visible values. However when you scope by corresponding field, instead of using all visible values, you can apply the conditional format for each combination of:

A column and its parent row field, by selecting each Column group.

A row và its parent column field, by selecting each Row group.

Click Format khổng lồ display the Format Cells dialog box.

Select the number, font, border, or fill format you want to apply when the cell value meets the condition, & then click OK.

You can choose more than one format. The formats you select are displayed in the Preview box.


In the example shown here, conditional formatting is used on the Instructor column khổng lồ find instructors that are teaching more than one class (duplicate instructor names are highlighted in a pale red color). Grade values that are found just once in the Grade column (unique values) are highlighted in a green color.

*

Quick formatting

Select the cells that you want to lớn conditionally format.

On the Home tab, in the Style group, click the arrow next to Conditional Formatting, và then click Highlight Cells Rules.

Select Duplicate Values.

Enter the values you want khổng lồ use, and then select a format.

Advanced formatting

Select the cells that you want khổng lồ conditionally format.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next khổng lồ Conditional Formatting, và then click Manage Rules. The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

Do one of the following:

To add a conditional format, click New Rule. The New Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

To showroom a new conditional format based on one that is already listed, select the rule, then click Duplicate Rule. The duplicate rule is copied and appears in the dialog box. Select the duplicate, then select Edit Rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears. 

To change a conditional format, vị the following:

Make sure that the appropriate worksheet or table is selected in the Show formatting rules for danh mục box.

Optionally, change the range of cells by clicking Collapse Dialog in the Applies to box to lớn temporarily hide the dialog box, by selecting the new range of cells on the worksheet, and then by selecting Expand Dialog.

Select the rule, and then click Edit rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

Under Select a Rule Type, click Format only quality or duplicate values.

Under Edit the Rule Description, in the Format all danh sách box, select unique or duplicate.

Click Format to display the Format Cells dialog box.

Select the number, font, border, or fill format you want khổng lồ apply when the cell value meets the condition, and then click OK.

You can choose more than one format. The formats you select are shown in the Preview box.


Select the cells that you want to format.

On the Home tab, click Conditional Formatting > New Rule.

*

Create your rule and specify its format options, then click OK.

If you don"t see the options that you want, you can use a formula to lớn determine which cells lớn format - see the next section for steps).


If you don"t see the exact options you need when you create your own conditional formatting rule, you can use a logical formula lớn specify the formatting criteria. For example, you may want khổng lồ compare values in a selection to lớn a result returned by a function or evaluate data in cells outside the selected range, which can be in another worksheet in the same workbook. Your formula must return True or False (1 or 0), but you can use conditional xúc tích và ngắn gọn to string together a mix of corresponding conditional formats, such as different colors for each of a small set of text values (for example, hàng hóa category names).


Note: You can enter cell references in a formula by selecting cells directly on a worksheet or other worksheets. Selecting cells on the worksheet inserts absolute cell references. If you want Excel khổng lồ adjust the references for each cell in the selected range, use relative cell references. For more information, see Create or change a cell reference & Switch between relative, absolute, & mixed references.


Tip: If any cells contain a formula that returns an error, conditional formatting is not applied to lớn those cells. Khổng lồ address this, use IS functions or an IFERROR function in your formula to return a value that you specify (such as 0, or "N/A") instead of an error value.


On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next lớn Conditional Formatting, và then click Manage Rules.

The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

Do one of the following:

To địa chỉ cửa hàng a conditional format, click New Rule. The New Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

To địa chỉ a new conditional format based on one that is already listed, select the rule, then click Duplicate Rule. The duplicate rule is copied and appears in the dialog box. Select the duplicate, then select Edit Rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears. 

To change a conditional format, bởi the following:

Make sure that the appropriate worksheet, table, or PivotTable report is selected in the Show formatting rules for danh sách box.

Optionally, change the range of cells by clicking Collapse Dialog in the Applies to box lớn temporarily hide the dialog box, by selecting the new range of cells on the worksheet or other worksheets, & then by clicking Expand Dialog.

Select the rule, and then click Edit rule. The Edit Formatting Rule dialog box appears.

Under Apply Rule To, khổng lồ optionally change the scope for fields in the Values area of a PivotTable report, vị the following:

To scope by selection: Click Selected cells.

To scope by corresponding field: Click All cells showing values.

To scope by Value field: Click All cells showing for .

Under Select a Rule Type, click Use a formula to determine which cells lớn format.

Under Edit the Rule Description, in the Format values where this formula is true các mục box, enter a formula.You have to start the formula with an equal sign (=), and the formula must return a logical value of TRUE (1) or FALSE (0).

Click Format to display the Format Cells dialog box.

The following đoạn phim shows you the basics of using formulas with conditional formatting.



If you want khổng lồ apply an existing formatting style lớn new or other data on your worksheet, you can use Format Painter to copy the conditional formatting khổng lồ that data.

Click the cell that has the conditional formatting that you want khổng lồ copy.

Click Home > Format Painter.

*

The pointer changes to lớn a paintbrush.


If your worksheet contains conditional formatting, you can quickly locate the cells so that you can copy, change, or delete the conditional formats. Use the Go khổng lồ Special command khổng lồ find only cells with a specific conditional format, or to lớn find all cells that have conditional formats.

Find all cells that have a conditional format

Click any cell that does not have a conditional format.

On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click the arrow next to lớn Find và Select, & then click Conditional Formatting.

Find only cells that have the same conditional format

Click any cell that has the conditional format that you want lớn find.

On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click the arrow next to Find & Select, and then click Go khổng lồ Special.

Click Conditional formats.

Click Same under Data validation.


When you use conditional formatting, you mix up rules that Excel uses khổng lồ determine when to apply the conditional formatting. To manage these rules, you should understand the order in which these rules are evaluated, what happens when two or more rules conflict, how copying & pasting can affect rule evaluation, how khổng lồ change the order in which rules are evaluated, và when lớn stop rule evaluation.

Learn about conditional formatting rule precedence

You create, edit, delete, & view all conditional formatting rules in the workbook by using the Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box. (On the Home tab, click Conditional Formatting, & then click Manage Rules.)

The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

When two or more conditional formatting rules apply, these rules are evaluated in order of precedence (top to lớn bottom) by how they are listed in this dialog box.

Here"s an example that has expiration dates for ID badges. We want to lớn mark badges that expire within 60 days but are not yet expired with a yellow background color, and expired badges with a red background color.

*

In this example, cells with employee ID numbers who have certification dates due to expire within 60 days are formatted in yellow, & ID numbers of employees with an expired certification are formatted in red. The rules are shown in the following image.

*

The first rule (which, if True, sets cell background color to red) tests a date value in column B against the current date (obtained by using the TODAY function in a formula). Assign the formula lớn the first data value in column B, which is B2. The formula for this rule is =B2

What happens when more than one conditional formatting rule evaluates to True

Sometimes you have more than one conditional formatting rule that evaluates lớn True. Here"s how rules are applied, first when rules don"t conflict, & then when they do conflict:

When rules don"t conflict For example, if one rule formats a cell with a bold font & another rule formats the same cell with a red color, the cell is formatted with both a bold font & a red color. Because there is no conflict between the two formats, both rules are applied.

When rules conflict For example, one rule sets a cell font màu sắc to red và another rule sets a cell font color to green. Because the two rules are in conflict, only one can apply. The rule that is applied is the one that is higher in precedence (higher in the danh sách in the dialog box).

How pasting, filling, và the Format Painter affect conditional formatting rules

While editing your worksheet, you may copy and paste cell values that have conditional formats, fill a range of cells with conditional formats, or use the Format Painter. These operations can affect conditional formatting rule precedence in the following way: a new conditional formatting rule based on the source cells is created for the destination cells.

If you copy and paste cell values that have conditional formats lớn a worksheet opened in another instance of Excel (another Excel.exe process running at the same time on the computer), no conditional formatting rule is created in the other instance and the format is not copied to that instance.

What happens when a conditional format và a manual format conflict

If a conditional formatting rule evaluates as True, it takes precedence over any existing manual format for the same selection. This means that if they conflict, the conditional formatting applies & the manual format does not. If you delete the conditional formatting rule, the manual formatting for the range of cells remains.

Manual formatting is not listed in the Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box nor is it used to lớn determine precedence.

Controlling when rule evaluation stops by using the Stop If True check box

For backwards compatibility with versions of Excel earlier than Excel 2007, you can select the Stop If True kiểm tra box in the Manage Rules dialog box lớn simulate how conditional formatting might appear in those earlier versions of Excel that vì chưng not tư vấn more than three conditional formatting rules or multiple rules applied to the same range.

For example, if you have more than three conditional formatting rules for a range of cells, and are working with a version of Excel earlier than Excel 2007, that version of Excel:

Evaluates only the first three rules.

Applies the first rule in precedence that is True.

Ignores rules lower in precedence if they are True.

The following table summarizes each possible condition for the first three rules:

If rule

Is

And if rule

Is

And if rule

Is

Then

One

True

Two

True or False

Three

True or False

Rule one is applied and rules two & three are ignored.

One

False

Two

True

Three

True or False

Rule two is applied and rule three is ignored.

One

False

Two

False

Three

True

Rule three is applied.

One

False

Two

False

Three

False

No rules are applied.

You can select or clear the Stop If True check box lớn change the mặc định behavior:

To evaluate only the first rule, select the Stop If True kiểm tra box for the first rule.

To evaluate only the first & second rules, select the Stop If True check box for the second rule.

You can"t select or clear the Stop If True check box if the rule formats by using a data bar, màu sắc scale, or icon set.

If you"d lượt thích to watch a video showing how lớn manage conditional formatting rules, see Video: Manage conditional formatting.


The order in which conditional formatting rules are evaluated - their precedence - also reflects their relative importance: the higher a rule is on the danh mục of conditional formatting rules, the more important it is. This means that in cases where two conditional formatting rules conflict with each other, the rule that is higher on the list is applied & the rule that is lower on the list is not applied.

On the Home tab, in the Styles group, click the arrow next to Conditional Formatting, and then click Manage Rules.

The Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box appears.

The conditional formatting rules for the current selection are displayed, including the rule type, the format, the range of cells the rule applies to, & the Stop If True setting.

If you don"t see the rule that you want, in the Show formatting rules for danh sách box, make sure that the right range of cells, worksheet, table, or PivotTable report is selected.

Select a rule. Only one rule can be selected at a time.

To move the selected rule up in precedence, click Move Up. Khổng lồ move the selected rule down in precedence, click Move Down.

*

Optionally, lớn stop rule evaluation at a specific rule, select the Stop If True kiểm tra box.


Clear conditional formatting on a worksheet

On the Home tab, click Conditional Formatting > Clear Rules > Clear Rules from Entire Sheet.

Follow these steps if you have conditional formatting in a worksheet, and you need khổng lồ remove it.

For an entire worksheet

On the Home tab, click Conditional Formatting > Clear Rules > Clear Rules from Entire Sheet.

In a range of cells

Select the cells that contain the conditional formatting.

Click the Quick Analysis Lens

*
button that appears to lớn the bottom right of the selected data.


Notes:  Quick Analysis Lens will not be visible if:

All of the cells in the selected range are empty, or

There is an entry only in the upper-left cell of the selected range, with all of the other cells in the range being empty.


Click Clear Format.

*

Find và remove the same conditional formats throughout a worksheet

Click on a cell that has the conditional format that you want to lớn remove throughout the worksheet.

On the Home tab, click the arrow next to lớn Find và Select, and then click Go to Special.

Click Conditional formats.

Click Same under Data validation. Lớn select all of the cells that contain the same conditional formatting rules.

On the Home tab, click Conditional Formatting > Clear Rules > Clear Rules from Selected Cells.