How To Treat & When To Seek Help For Boils Information

Medically reviewed by Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI — By Lana Bandoim — Updated on July 22, 2022

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Boils are infections, usually bacterial, that start deep inside the skin và often involve hair follicles. Another name for a boil is a furuncle.

They usually look lượt thích red bumps or lumps on the skin, và over time they fill with pus. Boils often occur on the buttocks.

Share on PinterestBoils are skin infections that commonly develop on the buttocks. Francisco de Casa / Alamy Stock Photo
The most common symptom of a boil is having a red, tender, và painful bump or lump on your skin. You may also see red or purple discoloration & swelling around the bump.

A boil usually begins as a painful or tender spot on the skin. It tends lớn be small, about the size of a pea. The spot usually becomes firm or hard.

The bump can continue lớn grow and fill with pus. As it does, it tends to get softer. Eventually, a yellow or trắng tip can form và rupture. Pus may leak out of the boil if it bursts.

Some boils don’t rupture và may end up with a crust that forms on vị trí cao nhất of the bump. A boil can also ooze clear liquid. Boils can continue growing until they are pretty big — they may reach the kích cỡ of a golf ball.

Several other skin conditions can resemble boils. They include cystic acne, infected sebaceous cysts, and other skin infections.

Share on PinterestBoils often involve an infected hair follicle. Francisco de Casa / Alamy Stock Photo
Causes & risk factors
Bacterial infections are the most common cause of boils on the buttocks. Staphylococcus aureus is usually the bacterium responsible for the boils. This bacterium often lives on the skin or inside the nose.

Skin folds are a common site for boils. Areas of the toàn thân that have hair, sweat, and friction are more likely to lớn have boils.

Common risk factors for boils include:

being a Staphylococcus aureus carrier, which means you always have this bacteria on your skinhaving close tương tác with or living with someone who has boilshaving a condition that reduces your immune system functionhaving small cuts or injuries on your skinsmoking tobacco

A primary care doctor or a skin specialist like a dermatologist can diagnose a boil on your skin. Khổng lồ diagnose a boil on the buttocks, a healthcare professional will ask you about your medical history & will perform a physical exam. They may also order blood tests or take a sample of the pus lớn determine the cause of the infection.


Many treatment options are available for boils. However, it’s important lớn avoid popping or puncturing the boil yourself. This can spread the infection khổng lồ other parts of your body and lead khổng lồ complications.

Home remedies

Home remedies for addressing boils include:

Stick to a balanced diet that includes nutrients such as vitamin C.

Oral & topical medications

Oral & topical medications for preventing boils from occurring or spreading include:

oral và topical antibioticstopical antiseptics

Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle changes include:

not picking at the boil or other soreswashing your clothes và towels separate from other household items lớn avoid spreading the infectionchanging sheets daily và washing thembathing regularlymanaging weight lớn reduce skin foldsavoiding gyms, swimming pools, and contact sports while your boils are healing, so any infection doesn’t spread khổng lồ othersnot smoking tobaccoeating a healthy diet

Medical procedures

In some cases, large boils that don’t go away on their own require medical intervention. Medical procedures for boils include:

making an incision (lancing) & draining the boilpacking an incision with gauze to lớn collect the pus and help the skin heal properly

Your healthcare professional can help you figure out the best treatment plan for your boil, and they can advise you on whether it seems best lớn move from home remedies khổng lồ medical intervention.

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It’s possible lớn have complications from a boil on the buttocks. Usually, these complications happen when the infection spreads khổng lồ other parts of your body. It is important not lớn pick or pop a boil due khổng lồ the increased risk of spreading the infection.

Complications may include:

severe scarringa cluster of connected boils, called a carbunclecellulitis, which is inflammation of the skin & adjacent soft tissueendocarditis, which is inflammation of the heartosteomyelitis, which is inflammation of the bonesepsis, which is a severe infectious inflammation that requires immediate medical attention

Boils are contagious and can spread to lớn other people. You can also spread them to other parts of your own body.

You can take several steps khổng lồ prevent getting và spreading boils, such as:

Avoid close skin liên hệ with people who have boils or who are Staphylococcus aureus carriers.Wash your hands throughout the day.Bathe regularly.Wash all clothes, towels, and other personal items you use while you have a boil.Avoid sharing towels và personal items with other people.Protect & cover all open skin injuries or wounds.

You may be able to lớn make a complete recovery from a boil on the buttocks with just supportive trang chủ therapies. Larger boils may require a visit khổng lồ a physician for a treatment plan.

A large or deep boil may leave behind a red mark or scar on the skin as it heals. In some cases, a skin infection & boils can come back.

Though boils themselves are not generally severe or life threatening, some complications from them can be, so it’s important lớn see a healthcare professional for a boil that is large or not going away.