Planting sprouted beans in soil

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Gardener"s HQ Guide lớn Growing Mung Beans

The Mung bean, scientific name Vigna radiata, is commonly grown as a sprout.

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As a member of the of the Fabaceae (legume family), it is closely related khổng lồ plants such as chick pea và broad beans.

Other common names for the Mung Bean plant include Golden Gram, Green Gram, Wild Mung, and Mash Bean.

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Close up of Vigna radiata leaves và flower, photograph by Dinesh Valke; CC.

How lớn Grow Bean Sprouts

Mung bean sprouts can be grown both indoors at trang chủ and outside.

As well as growing mung beans as sprouts (see later section), they can also be planted out in the garden.

Late spring, when soils are warm, is the best time for planting, và beans should be able to be harvested in as little as three months (typically 100 days).

Mung bean seeds are usually green or brown, but some tropical varieties are yellow, và they are normally half the diameter of a soybean (Glycine max) seed.

The appearance of mung bean plants is more similar lớn garden beans than it is khổng lồ soybeans. They can grow up lớn 24 khổng lồ 30 inches (60 – 75 cm) tall; they also have smaller leaves than soybeans, và a moderate number of branches.


Pods are three to lớn four inches long, with 10 lớn 15 seeds each, & there are 30 lớn 40 pods in every plant.

The màu sắc of the pods turns darker as they mature, making it easy for growers to known when harvesting time is nearing.

There are a few varieties of Mung beans available. These varieties include Berken – green-coloured seeds, và preferred by many buyers – và Texsprout, which produces larger seeds than Berken.

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Mung Bean Sprouts by Crispin Semmens.

Mung Bean Sprouting

If you are sprouting mung beans for culinary use then follow this simple procedure:Take the required amount of beans lớn sprout (bear in mind that the quantity will double once sprouted).Wash in cold water until the water runs clearAfter draining, place in a bowl, and imerse in water (about 2.5X the volume of beans should be adaquate).Soak overnight (10 to lớn 12 hours).Drain, rinse the beans with water, then drain again.Put the beans in a jar or container, and cover the lid with a light cloth.Place the jar / container in a dimly lit part of the kitchen (out of direct sunlight).Repeat the rinse & drain cycle twice a day (first thing in the morning, late in the evening works; about every 8 hours).

You will see small sprouts after about two days. If you prefer longer sprouts it will take about five days.

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Mung Bean Sprouting, image by Thamizhpparithi Maari; CC.

Mung Bean Soil Preparation (Growing Outdoors)

Proper soil preparation should be conducted when growing mung beans. It is best khổng lồ conduct planting in the spring after the last frost passes.

The soil should be broken with the use of a garden spade to a depth of at least six inches.

Sprinkle two inches of compost on the đứng đầu of the soil, và then rake the soil smooth.

Although mung beans are easier to lớn plant than many other bean crops, an ample amount of soil preparation is beneficial.

Planting

The ideal season for mung beans khổng lồ be planted in most northern hemisphere locations is late May & mid-June, when the weather is not too cold, not too warm, and the last chance of frost has passed.

However, in other parts of the globe, such as in Asia, mung beans should to be planted in mid-November, after the rainy season has passed.

Initial Indoor Planting of Mung Beans

For indoor planting, it is essential lớn use a container that has a drainage hole in the bottom, as mung beans plants will drown when soaked in too much water.

A large clay pot, wooden barrel or other similar container serves well.

Place at least three to five inches (7–12 cm) of soil in the container and make sure that the soil has a neutral pH, from 6.2 to lớn 7.2, to promote healthy sprout growth.

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Water the newly planted beans lớn provide preliminary moisture for germination. Bởi vì not overwater as Mung beans will not vì chưng well on oversaturated and soggy soil.

Cover the container with a lid, such as a plastic garbage can lid, newspaper, or planter bottom. This will help keep the soil and seeds slightly moist, and will promote the development of sprouts.

Mung Beans sprouts should be seen after about a week; the warmer the temperature, the faster the seed germination.

Place the seedlings in a sunny location lớn encourage faster growth. It is not advisable for the plants to be watered frequently; wait until the soil becomes dry before watering.

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Mung bean plant, photograph by Dinesh Valke; CC.

Outdoor Planting of Mung Beans

For outdoor planting, the recommended seeding rate is 15 pounds per acre for wide rows. The soil should have a pH of 6.2 to 7.2, and seedlings sown in a sunny location.

Seeds can be planted directly in rows, at a depth of 1 inch (2.5 cm), spaced at 2 lớn 4 inches (5–10 cm) apart, & with 30 to 36 inches (75–90 cm) between rows.

The pre-sprouting of seeds before sowing is advisable; this can be achieved by soaking the beans in water for 24 hours.

Next, drain và leave them for another 24 hours until tiny roots start khổng lồ poke out. Germinated seeds should then be planted straight away to lớn avoid them drying out.

Sow the germinated beans into compost that is about two khổng lồ three inches deep (5–8 cm), & place tray lids/or other cover over them khổng lồ keep them warmer during the night.

Seedlings should be seen after about two weeks.

Mung Bean Care

Always make sure that the plant-bed is không tính tiền from weeds, & supply water when required. Vị not overwater the plant, as they are susceptible lớn drowning.

Mung beans bởi vì best in a light khổng lồ medium rich soil, although legumes can fix their own nitrogen, you may need khổng lồ supply a low nitrogen 5-10-5 fertilizer of the soil is poor.

Troubleshooting Growing Problems

The mung bean plant secretes a sticky sweet substance that attracts several kinds of insects. Aphids, mosquitoes, cucumber beetles, and many types of worm are attracted, but can be easily controlled using a mild dose of organic the insecticide pyrethrins.

Harvesting Mung Beans

Mung beans start to size once plants reach a height of 15 khổng lồ 18 inches (38–45 cm), và are typically ready for harvesting 100 days after sowing.

The beans will not mature at the same time, so harvest when about 60% of pods have reached maturity.

Collect the whole plant, tie into bunches, & then hang upside down lớn dry out over a large sheet of paper.

Once dried it is easy khổng lồ shell the beans.

For large scale Mung Bean growth, the success or failure of the crop is often determined in the management and harvesting conditions.

As the pods of mung beans are brittle and thin when dry, shattering can be a problem during harvest.

To reduce seed shattering, the preferred harvest method is direct combining which requires plant to defoliate và dry down in a timely manner.

Mung beans planted in May normally dry down và defoliate in September.

The dry seeds can be stored in a glass container for many years, and the viability can be improved by freezing the mung bean seeds, as this destroys insect infestation.