Phonics and decoding: activities for your first grader

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Letter sounds are one of the very first things your child will encounter when they begin to explore reading.

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By recognizing the phonetic sounds that alphabetic letters make, your child will take their first big step toward associating words with their individual sounds, an essential tool for, when the time is right, sounding out words.

Most new readers start from the same place — by learning their letters! và no matter where your child is on their reading journey, working with them on their letter sounds is a great way to lớn help strengthen their fundamental skills.

Here are five fun và effective tips for working on letter sounds with your child.

5 Fun and Easy Ways lớn Teach Letter Sounds

1) Touch & Feel Letters


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Humans are tactile creatures, and we depend on touch khổng lồ tell us a lot about the world around us. This is especially true of kids when they’re learning!

Although most traditional reading curriculums focus on auditory và visual cues for letters & their sounds, touch can be helpful, too. We have five senses, after all, so we might as well take advantage of them!

As opposed khổng lồ relying solely on how a letter looks when it’s written (and flat), adding in a physical sensory element can help your child build a stronger connection lớn the letter sound they’re trying to lớn learn.

Doing this engages an extra part of their brain while they learn. Not only will they know what the letter looks & sounds lượt thích but also what it “feels” like. Associating the “feel” of a letter with its pronunciation may help them gain a better understanding of letter sounds more quickly.

There are plenty of options for exploring reading through your child’s sense of touch. The best part? Your child will get to do one of their favorite things — make a mess! Letting them get messy with letters provides a great incentive khổng lồ learn.

If you’d lượt thích to try this tactile learning style, you can get started by grabbing a few blank pieces of paper. Using a thick, dark marker, write out the letters you want your child khổng lồ work on.

Then, you can simply grab whatever you have around the house that is malleable enough to form into letters. PlayDoh or kinetic sand are both great options.

We recommend saying the associated letter sound as your child looks at & forms the written letter with the PlayDoh or kinetic sand. You can also encourage them lớn shape their material over the outlined letter on the page if they need some extra guidance.

Feel free to also brainstorm words with them that chia sẻ the letter sound they’re practicing. This could help them make even more connections to lớn the letter và its sound!

If you don’t mind a little extra clean up, shaving cream can also be a great option! Simply spread out the shaving cream on a flat surface. Trace out the letter for them in the shaving cream, then ask them to bởi the same while you repeat the letter sound.

2) Connect Letter Sounds to Familiar Symbols


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Letters & their sounds might be unfamiliar lớn your child. By making a connection between letter sounds & items or symbols your child might already be familiar with, you can help bridge the gap between what they don’t know yet & what they do!

Utilizing things that your child already knows and loves may encourage them khổng lồ get more engaged with learning their letter sounds. Familiar ideas will also make them feel more confident & comfortable while learning.

For example, if you want khổng lồ start with the letter “T,” consider printing out pictures of things that start with “T” that your child loves, such as trucks & tigers. Let your child choose which pictures lớn use, & then help them create their very own alphabet book with those images!

Working with your child lớn construct their personal letter-sound alphabet — a mixture of the specific picture you want them lớn learn khổng lồ associate with a particular letter sound — is an easy và fun craft project that will pay off in the long run.

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The more personalized you can make the learning process the more fun your young learner will have!

Familiarity can also help your child beyond simply learning the letter sound: it helps them build confidence! The more your child feels like they understand and know what they’re reading, the more likely they’ll be lớn develop an enthusiasm for learning.


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This technique focuses on repetition, which is great for getting your child familiar with their letter sounds. By consistently repeating the same letter sounds khổng lồ them, you can help your child more easily pick up on them.

A great idea might be to focus on introducing your child lớn one letter sound at a time. You could make a “letter of the week” jar for your child. Place an empty jar on your counter labeled with the letter sound for the week.

Every time your child points out a word they’ve heard that starts with the letter sound of the week, they earn a “ticket” or “point” in the letter sound jar (you could also use stickers on a poster if you don’t have a jar handy).

Challenge your child to gain three or four points (or more!) during the day. You’ll want the jar to be somewhere your child sees it often — maybe in the kitchen so you can prompt your learner lớn think of a word while you’re making dinner or washing dishes!

They don’t have khổng lồ rely on only the things they hear or see in real life, especially when it comes to those trickier letter sounds (like x, q, or z). Consider using some of your daily reading time to lớn flip through magazines or books và point out the letter sound whenever you come across it.

Emphasizing repetition this way really gives your child the chance to focus intensely on a single letter and explore the primary sound it represents!

Giving them ample amounts of time, practice, và exposure to one sound at a time may help them with their learning longevity.

4) Digital Letters In The 21st Century


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Technology is a huge new factor in modern-day learning. Not only bởi children learn how to read & write texts, but now they also have khổng lồ learn how lớn use a keyboard at a very young age.

While too much truyền thông time can be bad for your child, there are ways lớn be mindful about media consumption and incorporate truyền thông media into their letter-sound learning. Especially for busy families, truyền thông can be a really useful asset to địa chỉ to your parenting tool belt.

If you’re looking for a safe, personalized, và reliable place for your child to work on their reading và letter-sound skills, our online learning center has tons of playful games and exercises!

Your child can also use a simple keyboard lớn engage their letter-sound skills. For this activity, you can hotline out the sound of a letter & ask your child to lớn hit or point lớn the letter it matches on a keyboard.

This exercise is easy và versatile, as you can use any keyboard you have around — on your phone, your computer, or a device designed for kids. And your child will probably love pretending lớn be a grown-up just like you!

5) Bingo


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Classics are classics for a reason. & Bingo is a time-tested, kid-approved game!

If you’d like to take a shot at this activity, draw or print out a Bingo sheet that has pictures of things your child is familiar with (remember tip #2!). We recommend sticking to lớn things they see daily, like apples (for the “a” letter sound), bikes (for the “b” letter sound), & so on.

To play, hotline out a letter sound and instruct your child khổng lồ mark off the picture that begins with the same sound. If your child has siblings or neighborhood friends, consider inviting them khổng lồ play along (it makes for a great virtual game, too).

The first lớn make it lớn bingo wins!

Making Letter Sounds Fun và Functional


We hope these tips were helpful & gave you some creative ideas for how lớn get your child engaged with letter sounds (while having a blast along the way!).

We always want khổng lồ leave you with a reminder that on the journey toward helping your child become a confident, enthusiastic reader, it may take some time to lớn discover what learning strategies are the perfect fit for them. That’s OK!

If you ever need a little extra help or want to switch up your child’s learning routine, our learning center is always xuất hiện and full of engaging và effective exercises for your emerging reader!