The guide to 2nd grade: reading and writing

review reading & writing curricula for second grade, learn what khổng lồ expect, & discover the books and activities you can use to tư vấn learning.
The Guide khổng lồ 2nd Grade: Reading và Writing
Once students reach 2nd grade, they’re often ready to lớn accelerate their learning. That’s because at this point, they"ve adjusted to the more rigorous learning environment initially encountered in 1st grade, và are able khổng lồ further expand their skills và knowledge in every subject area.

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In 2nd grade, your child becomes a more experienced writer & reader by practicing their skills in more complex và comprehensive ways. Students read bigger và more complicated books, and write longer and more in-depth pieces. What’s more, second graders pursue projects that involve research và critical thinking.

Read on for what khổng lồ expect this year, and cửa hàng all books và resources at The Store! For more book & reading ideas, sign up for our Parents newsletter.

Reading in Second Grade 

Second graders continue khổng lồ develop their literacy skills as they learn more complex words và absorb longer, more rigorous texts in a variety of genres including fiction, non-fiction, và poetry. Students also expand their reading comprehension skills as they talk about what they read, and develop more advanced ideas around those topics. Just like in previous years, second graders also continuously practice reading as they use texts for other subjects throughout the day.

To build reading skills, your second grader:

Reads more complex words, such as two-syllable words.Reads words with common prefixes và suffixes, for example: pre-, re-, un-, -able, -ad, and -er.Reads grade-appropriate, irregularly spelled words (consult your child’s teacher for a specific danh sách of these words).Understands the structure of a story, specifically the purpose of beginnings (introducing the text) & endings (concluding the text).Understands the most important details of a text—its main purpose & the “who,” “what,” “where,” “when,” “why,” and “how.”Talks about characters’ responses, main events, lessons learned, and important ideas or concepts.Begins khổng lồ make connections within & between texts.Compares at least two different versions of the same story, such as two versions of a classic fairy tale.Self-corrects mistakes & re-reads when necessary.

Second Grade Reading Activities

Make a “W” Chart: While you và your child read books together, make a “W” chart. Fill out the "who," "what," "when," "where," "why," và "how" of the book as your child discovers them.

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Pay Attention lớn Prefixes and Suffixes: When your child uses a word with a prefix or suffix, occasionally stop to lớn talk about it. Break down the word and say what the prefix or suffix and root word mean when they’re put together, & brainstorm other words that have the same suffix or prefix. 

Make Up Your Own Version of a Story: After your child reads a story, work together to create your own versions, changing details such as setting, time, or even the ending. You can even tweak the story so it occurs in places or with characters you know. This helps them understand story structure & make comparisons.

Writing in 2nd Grade

Second graders write texts that are more detailed, lengthy, and varied, all of which refines their writing skills. They also use technology to publish their writing (you can help prepare them for this by going online at home together).

Similar khổng lồ reading, writing occurs throughout the day as students use it for a variety of subjects. 

To build writing skills, your second grader:

Writes a variety of types of texts including:Opinion Pieces: Students state their opinions và provide reasons to support them, closing with a conclusion.Narrative Pieces: Students write about an event, describing actions, thoughts, and feelings, & provide a conclusion.Informative/Explanatory Pieces: Students introduce a topic, use facts & definitions to develop points, và provide a conclusion.Revises and edits writing to lớn improve it.Uses digital tools with the aid of the teacher khổng lồ publish writing.Researches topics for shared, group, or class-wide research & writing projects.

Second Grade Writing Activities

Start a Journal: Use it to remember the trips, weekends, và special times your family has spent together. Your child can both write & illustrate the journal — in fact, you can pick a favorite entry from the journal & work with your child khổng lồ write a longer piece or story about that event, illustrating it with photographs or drawings.

Write What You Think: Kids often have very strong opinions! Ask your child lớn express their opinion about something through writing & to explain the reasoning behind her thoughts. Your child can then read the piece out loud lớn family members và take questions from the “audience.”

Read Other People’s Writing: Second grade is a great time for your child to lớn start reading magazines created specifically for kids. These often have many types of texts, including narratives, fiction, non-fiction, and opinion pieces for your child to absorb & learn from. Read the magazines together and talk about the articles — doing so will help fortify their own writing skills.

Shop the best resources for second grade below! You can find all books & activities at The Store.