10 tips to boost 1st grade math skills

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Your child has progressed from kindergarten to first grade. That’s exciting news! There is so much learning lớn come their way, especially from their first grade math class.

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Math skills và concepts build on each other from grade to lớn grade, which is why children need to lớn get a firm foundation so they can handle the more complex challenges as they progress in school.

As a concerned parent, you might be wondering what some of these mathematical concepts will be and, more importantly, how you can help your child master them. You don’t have khổng lồ figure it out on your own.

Here, we will give you a breakdown of what khổng lồ expect from your child’s math class. We’ll also showroom a few tips on how khổng lồ help your young learner thrive through it all.

Let’s get started!

Why Is Math Important?

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Math is taught in the classroom, but that doesn’t mean that’s the only place it’s relevant. We use it every day!

From the hexagonal bee combs khổng lồ the circles, semi-circles, & crescents of the phases of our moon, mathematics is an essential part of the world we live in, & learning it helps us make sense of everything around us.

Did you know that math skills can also be linked to music? Children who play musical instruments use the same part of the brain when doing math. This is why studies have shown that music students bởi vì better in mathematics than their non-musical peers.

Sports và mathematics also have an interesting connection. Just think about all the coordination involved in performing well in certain sports. Research has shown that these skills can also be used khổng lồ learn math.

In addition, mathematics helps us be stronger logical thinkers. Since most young kids tend to lớn enjoy math time, it’s essential to foster this natural love for the subject just as much as we want khổng lồ encourage children’s love for reading.

Helping children develop a love for mathematics generally works well when approached actively as a problem-solving skill rather than a rote memory task. Math helps children thrive in various aspects of their lives.

So, how do we get there? It all starts with the foundation.

Below are the key first grade math concepts your child will soon learn & some tips on how you can support them on their journey.

8 Important First Grade Math Concepts

1) Numbers and Counting

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At first grade cấp độ (and for the next few years in school), learning different numbers and counting will khung a significant part of your child’s mathematics lessons.

By the kết thúc of the first grade, your child will have learned to:

Count and write numbers from 1 to lớn 100Count by 1s, 2s, 5s, & 10sCount backwardCount onward from any numberCount backward from any number

There are different ways khổng lồ help your child grasp numbers & counting at home, & hands-on activities work best.

An effective strategy is to help your child visualize what all these numbers mean. For example, instead of just memorizing the numbers, they can count bears, large dried beans, or even craft sticks.

2) Addition và Subtraction

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In first grade math, your young learner will start adding and subtracting numbers up to 30. They will also solve basic word problems with the help of drawings, objects, và equations.

By the kết thúc of the first grade, your child will have been shown how to:

Add three one-digit numbersWrite và show an understanding of the mathematical symbols (+, -, =)Solve problems involving one and two-digit numbersSolve problems involving an unknown. For example, 1 + _ = 4

Addition and subtraction are two math skills that can be demonstrated in everyday life situations. This makes it relatively easy to practice at home!

For instance, you might ask, “If you have two teddy bears và granny buys you three more, how many teddy bears will you have in total?” Or, “There were six strawberries in the fridge. Daddy ate some strawberries. There are now four left. How many did daddy eat?”


3) 2-D Shapes

During pre-k, children get introduced to different shapes. In first grade, they will continue to lớn extend their understanding of them.

By the over of the first grade, your child may be able to:

Examine the attributes of different shapes (number of sides, faces, etc.)Name the 2-D shapes

To help your child grasp these shapes at home, continue to point out và name the 2-D shapes in the world around you (circles, triangles, pentagons, etc.).

When doing so, remember to lớn always highlight the attributes (e.g., this book has four equal sides, so it’s a square).

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4) Sorting and Patterns

Understanding & sorting patterns also forms a part of first grade math.

Your first grader will learn to:

Sort different objects by attributes such as color, shape, và function. For example, sorting a mixed group of blocks so that the red, blue, green, & yellow blocks are separated.In addition, if these blocks are placed in a pattern (e.g., green, yellow, green, yellow, etc.), your child should be able to both predict which màu sắc will come next và create their own identical pattern. This skill will help develop your child’s logical thinking.

Continue to lớn allow your young learner to play with fun building blocks và create their own patterns lớn help them master this skill.

5) Fractions


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Montessori material. Children’s hands. The study of mathematics School & kindergarten. Whole & part. Fractions

As a first-grader, your child will be introduced to fractions as equal shares và basic fractions such as ½, ⅓, and ¼. For children to fully grasp these concepts, it’s essential lớn keep things intuitive.

For example, you can start by helping them understand that a half is two equal parts, a third is three equal parts, và so forth. They also need khổng lồ understand that although three is bigger than two, ⅓ is smaller than ½.

Fractions can be tricky for kids lớn learn, which is why it’s important to use practical & everyday items.

For example, you can help your young learner examine the fractions of a full pizza. Then, as you divide the pizza into different slices, talk about the parts that you’ve created from the whole.

The concept of equal shares can also be demonstrated from one object & a group. For instance, you can have ½ of a single nhà cửa (e.g., ½ of a cookie), or you can have ½ of a group of objects (e.g., ½ of four cookies is two cookies).

6) Number Place Values

With all the counting in first grade math, your child will naturally be introduced lớn the concept of place values. For instance, understanding that in the number 288, the 2 is worth 2 “hundreds” (or 200).

There are various activities you can vị at trang chủ to help your young learner with this concept, including:

Using number linesBase ten blocks

For more ideas to lớn help with number place values and other 1st grade math concepts, take a look at the book Games for Math: Playful Ways lớn Help Your Child Learn Math, From Kindergarten khổng lồ Third Grade by HOMER’s very own Peggy Kaye.

7) Time

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Telling time (both digital and analog) is an important life skill that kids learn from first grade. The concept of elapsed time will also be introduced at this stage.

In first grade math, your child will learn to:

Tell time lớn the nearest hour, half-hour, and quarter-hour (sometimes even lớn five minutes)Make the connection between time và events (e.g., shorter, longer, after, before)

Understanding the analog clock can be tricky for a child who’s only exposed khổng lồ digital clocks. So help your young learner by buying one (or making one for learning) khổng lồ hang up at home.

You can then speak to lớn your child about what it means when the hands move. Lớn make things easier, start by helping them tell time khổng lồ an hour & half-hour before progressing khổng lồ quarter-hours.

8) Measurements & Comparisons

First grade math also involves some measuring và unit comparisons.

Your child will learn how lớn measure using a ruler and, after taking measurements, compare and order objects by length. First-graders will also learn how to lớn compare the weights và volumes of different objects.

To help your young learner at home, keep rulers nearby và take measurements together of some of the objects they love (e.g., stuffed toys, cookies, etc.).

Bonus tip: If you’re a regular baker, why not help them see how you use measuring tools to create their favorite treats? Yum!

Helping Your Child With First Grade Math

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We’ve already mentioned a few ways in which you can help your first grader with math at home. In addition to lớn the above, playing math games is a fun and easy way lớn practice math at home!

Here are some examples of more math activities your young learner will enjoy at home:

Fill in a number grid puzzleBuild objects with legos và measure

Math Is All Around Us

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Helping your child grasp first grade math concepts at trang chủ is easier when you focus on the fact that mathematics is a part of our everyday lives. It is in the shape of road signs, the parts of sliced pizza, và even the watches on our wrists!

Sometimes kids (and parents) forget that math can be lots of fun. So whenever you can, incorporate games và activities to lớn bring a little excitement khổng lồ all the learning.

Will this help your child become our next best mathematician? Only time will tell. But one thing is for sure — all of the great mathematicians started somewhere. Even Isaac Newton had khổng lồ master first grade math!