Tips for teaching middle and high school ells


Have you ever felt like you’re becoming your mother (“Stop making that face or it will freeze that way!”)?

If you answered yes khổng lồ any of these, you might just be an elementary teacher!

And if you teach elementary ESL, you may often find a smile on your face.

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That is, until you run up against some of the struggles that are quality to teaching children—because they certainly do exist.

Language by nature is very abstract and intangible. Children, on the other hand, are very literal and concrete.

This makes it challenging to explain grammar or syntax rules to children. (How bởi you explain the conditional tense to lớn a five-year-old?!)

But rest easy. As long as you know these three essential strategies for teaching English khổng lồ children, your students will succeed. Even if they can’t articulate what a first conditional is.

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient và portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here khổng lồ get a copy. (Download)

How khổng lồ Teach English lớn Children: 3 Strategies for Success

1. Make It Fun

Fun, fun, fun! This is one factor that really matters to lớn kids. Và that goes for kids on the playground as well as those in the classroom. I’ll never forget what my nephew said after his first day of kindergarten: “We didn’t learn anything. We just played!” và though I’m sure his class contained some academics, they were hidden well beneath a thick layer of fun.

That’s right. It’s entirely possible to lớn teach a fun and educational class. One of the top ways to lớn achieve this is with native nội dung from takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news và inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language lessons.

With inbuilt đoạn phim quizzes and interactive flashcards, your students will be able khổng lồ learn real English through context và games.

Some educators believe that kids learn best through play. And what is true of English-speaking children, in this case, will also be true of your English-learning students. Here are some ways you can make learning more fun with your students:

Play Games

Games are a great way to lớn make learning fun. Not only vị games play on the competitive nature of most children, but games also give them a goal to lớn accomplish. When you win a game, you have really done something, và you can feel good about your success.

There are so many games that can be used in an ESL classroom, we’ll only be able to scratch the surface today. But here are a few games that require little khổng lồ no preparation, and are super fun for young students.

Be Creative

Doing the same things in class every day is boring for your students, và you’re liable lớn fall asleep on the job, too. So be creative with your plans.

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Change things up on a regular basis. Rearrange your students’ seats so they get a different inspirational view from time to lớn time. Give your students the thử nghiệm before you teach the material, and let them answer the questions as they learn. Invite guest speakers in whenever you get the chance.

You can keep the same basic schedule every day, but vary the types of exercises you do. Rotate between doing exercises from the textbook, having students work on the computer on social truyền thông media or ESL learning websites, and giving them real-life materials khổng lồ work with rather than ESL materials.

Try a poem by Robert Frost rather than a simple reading passage. You can also have students come up with their own games, activities và exercises. Have your students write quiz question for each other, or give them some simple game supplies & let them make thier own review game for the latest grammar point. You might be surprised at how creative students can be.

Include Art in Your Class

Kids love to lớn make colorful và exciting things in the classroom. Pablo Picasso observed that “every child is an artist.” Take advantage of that inborn unique and use art lớn teach your young students the English language. Of course you can talk about obvious things lượt thích colors & shapes when you use art, but creative projects have so much more potential.

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Collages: Art projects are also a great way khổng lồ talk about prepositions of location. Collages are easy, và you can make one with just about anything. As your students work, give them instructions on where to lớn place different items using prepositions, or let them tell you what they are doing & where items in their collage are in relation khổng lồ each other. Don’t forget to give each person a chance to lớn talk about their completed artwork after any art activity.Cooking: Don’t forget about the art of cooking. When you make any food in class, whether it is traditional or international, you have a chance to talk about all five senses. There is a saying that we first eat with our eyes, then our noses, then our mouths. Talk about all five senses when you cook with your students, and be sure lớn include the process of cooking. As you instruct your students, you cover grammar topics lượt thích imperative statements, transitions between steps, and cause và effect relationships.

Take Your Class Outside

Have you ever tried taking a class outside? If not, you’d be surprised at what they can learn in the great outdoors. Here are a few ideas khổng lồ get you started:

Scavenger Hunt: Try sending your students on a scavenger hunt on your school grounds. You can tailor the items they are looking for lớn whatever unit you are in the process of teaching. If you want, you might have them look for items that begin with each letter of the alphabet, or items that are each color of the rainbow. You can have them look for certain shapes, too.

2. Make It Active

If there is one thing kids lượt thích more than having fun, it’s moving. In fact, Dr. Maria Montessori suggested that young children are not able to lớn learn unless they are also able lớn move. In addition, involving the whole toàn thân in language learning is a useful teaching method. The more language learners move, the better và faster they understand what you are teaching & the more easily they can retain the information.

TPR (Total Physical Response) is a teaching method that works really well with children. In essence, you associate physical movements with language instruction. Students move as they learn. They follow instructions, copy your movements & get their whole bodies involved when they practice language concepts. This is one of the most effective ways to lớn teach ESL lớn children.

Using hands-on material is also a great way to get your students moving as they learn English. You can use simple items lượt thích flashcards, but you can also be more creative with what you give your students to handle.

Mystery Bags: Really target your students’ sense of touch by putting items in brown paper bags. Then have them reach into the bags without looking và describe what they are feeling.

3. Don’t Put Pressure on Your Students

One of the most important things lớn remember when you teach children is not khổng lồ put pressure on them. Remember that children learn some aspects of foreign languages more easily than adults. So no matter what you vị in class, they will already be on the road lớn fluency in English.

Their natural acquisition process will follow three simple steps. They will recognize words và grammar when you use them. They will be able to respond when you ask them questions about the words & grammar you use. And then they will be able khổng lồ use those language structures themselves.

You can avoid putting pressure on students by:

Not correcting every error they make. Focus on what you have recently taught, and correct errors with those words and structures. But if you haven’t covered a grammar point yet, let it go. Your students don’t have to lớn have all of English perfect right away.Modeling correct language use. When you hear a student say something wrong or use a word incorrectly, just use it correctly right afterwards. The natural language learning feedback system in the human brain will notice the difference, & your students will likely use the language correctly just from hearing it right.Not giving everything a grade. Sometimes it’s enough to just go over correct answers with your students or have them discuss their answers together. You don’t have lớn collect every paper và mark it up with the mighty red pen.

Because language is abstract & children are concrete, they may not be able to lớn articulate grammar & other technical aspects of language, and that’s okay. Just keep things fun, active pressure-free, and your students will be fluent in no time!

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient và portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to lớn get a copy. (Download)



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