5 ways to teach the alphabet


Tips for Teaching the Alphabet to lớn Young Learners of English

Teaching the alphabet to lớn our English students can be a daunting task. How can we teach all 26 letters (to recognise, read and write) along with their corresponding sounds in a fun & interesting way? How can we make sure our students internalize these letters? How can we help our students take their first steps towards reading?

Here are our vị trí cao nhất 10 tips on teaching the alphabet in your kids English lessons:

1. Different Learner Types

When teaching the alphabet for the first time it is important to lớn remember that everyone learns in different ways, so we want to lớn cover all of these learner types (see our article on “6 different types of ESL learners”). Simply showing a flashcard of a letter and getting students to lớn say the letter will not be enough lớn help a child who is, for example, a Tactile learner (learns by touching và manipulating objects). Here are some methods you can include in your alphabet teaching routine lớn ensure all of your students get the most out of your alphabet lessons:

movement: have students make the shapes of the letters with their hands và bodies. For example, for the letter “c”, students can cup their hands or bend their bodies into a “c” shape. For more difficult letters, students can make the shapes in pairs or 3s (e.g.two students can make the body toàn thân shapes for “b”, “d”, “m” etc. By working together).

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2. Teach sounds

As you teach each letter of the alphabet always teach its associated sound. With each letter that you teach, teach 3 sounds:

the pronunciation of the letter (E.g. “A”)the sound of the letter (“ah”)a word which begins with the sound (“apple”)

Therefore, a teacher may teach as follows for the letter “A”:

T: (showing a flashcard of the letter A) “A .. A .. A .. Repeat A” Ss: “A”T: “A”Ss: “A”T: “A”Ss: “A”T: “A is for ah .. Ah .. Ah. Repeat ah”Ss: “ah”T: “ah”Ss: “ah”T: “ah”Ss: “ah”T: “A, is for ah, is for (turning the thẻ over) táo khuyết .. Táo bị cắn dở .. Táo apple .. Repeat apple”Ss: “apple”T: “apple”Ss: “apple”T: “apple”Ss: “apple”T: “Good! What’s this?” (showing “A”)Ss: “A”T: “Is for?”Ss: “ah”T: “Is for?” (turning the card)Ss: “apple”T: “Well done!” (now asks individual students)

3. Use worksheet printing exercises

There are lots of alphabet worksheets in our worksheet alphabet section.

Use letter tracing worksheets so students can practice tracing the correct shapes. As students trace each letter encourage them lớn say the letter as they trace (e.g. “A, B, C, …”). Also, ask your students questions as they are tracing (e.g. What’s this letter? What sound is it?”).Use worksheets to lớn copy letters (not just trace). Again, ask questions as the students are writing the letters. Check the letters are correct in terms of shape and form size and that they are written on the line.Have matching exercises where students match letters to lớn the same letters (e.g. Match A khổng lồ A & B to lớn B) and letters khổng lồ pictures (e.g. Match a to lớn apple).For younger kids, always have a coloring in task (e.g. Coloring an táo khuyết for letter A or coloring in block letters).Have a variety of different worksheet exercises lớn keep the interest of the students.Always have worksheets to vày in class and for homework.

4. Make use of posters và real materials

For example, if you are teaching the letter “C” have your students find and touch the letter “C” on posters. Bring in magazines and have your students find & touch (or cut out) letter Cs. When you are reading a story to lớn the class, you can sometimes ask your students to identify a letter they have learned.

5. Sing the ABC tuy vậy (The Alphabet song) regularly

Kids pick this tuy vậy up really quickly & it will help them in remembering the order of the alphabet.

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6. Play lots of alphabet games

We have over 30 great games on our Alphabet games page. Each week play a trò chơi the class has played previously và also teach a new game. Before you know it, your class will have learned lots of great alphabet games to lớn play.

7. Start teaching common letter clusters early on

Kids are surprisingly good at picking up on clusters & this will help your students when they start to read. For example, when you reach teaching “h” introduce “ch” (you will have taught “c” in a previous lesson). Teach the cluster in the same way as individual letters (see point 2 above). Other clusters include: sh, th, ch, st, oo, ee, ou. See our letter clusters worksheets.

8. Start teaching to lớn read simple words from early on

You’ll be surprised how quickly your kids will be able khổng lồ read simple words. For example, by the time you have reached the letter “O” put the flashcard letters “d – o – g” on the board. Elicit the sound of each letter and then see if the students can string the letters together khổng lồ make the word. Some good early learning words are:

bagbat – man (batman)bedbigcapcatcupfatfoxhathophotjamjetkickkisslegpenpotratsitsunvanwet

9. Make an Alphabet Book with each student

Each student will need a ring binder thư mục with trắng paper inside. Write the upper & lower case letter on the top of each sheet of trắng paper. Each week choose a new letter to work on & bring in some old magazines, then go through the magazines with your students to find pictures that begin with that letter. Cut out the pictures và stick them on the page with the corresponding letter.

10. đánh giá and practice regularly

It’s quite a challenge to learn to recognise, read and write 26 new letters so don’t expect your students lớn remember all the letters you have taught previously. Go back each lesson and đánh giá previous letters. Play games each week which review the letters. Bởi vì lots of worksheets which include letters from previous lessons. Keep looking back and going forward and slowly but surely your students will internalize the alphabet (some faster than others). It’s an ongoing process và should be kept fun và interesting by using different games and different worksheets.