8 tips on how to teach numbers to kindergarten

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You can introduce the idea of numbers when your child is as young as 12 months by counting small sets of items — "How many buttons? One, two!" — & singing songs & rhymes that include counting, such as "One, two, buckle my shoe," "Five little pumpkins sitting on a fence," and so on.

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When your child is 2 years old, they may learn to count up to lớn 10 by rote, though they won't really understand the concept of counting objects yet, & may skip around in their counting: "One, two, five, six..."


Don't worry about her mistakes in counting — the fact that they're reciting numbers means they're learning the correct names. Next, they'll learn khổng lồ point to objects và label them with numbers (even if they're not the correct ones).

Take advantage of everyday opportunities to lớn count together. Setting the table is a good example. "One napkin for mommy, one napkin for daddy, one for you! One, two, three napkins!" At first your child may say there are three napkins no matter how many you've actually laid out, but at some point they'll start to lớn understand that the word "three" stands for the number of napkins.

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As they get a little older — between 3 & 4 — your child will start lớn understand the idea that adding more objects increases the number counted (whereas taking away objects decreases the amount). So when grandparents comes khổng lồ visit, there are two more napkins on the table, bringing the count khổng lồ five.

Another way lớn reinforce this concept is lớn count everyday objects in your child's environment — the number of táo slices on their plate, for example — and chú ý what happens when objects are subtracted (eaten) or added. Between 3 and 4 years of age, they'll also be more adept at counting small sets of objects — "two oranges, four straws" và so on. Most children aren't able to identify numerals or write them, though, until they're 4 or 5.


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AAP. 2009. Cognitive development: Two-year-old. American Academy of Pediatrics. Https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/toddler/Pages/Cognitive-Development-Two-Year-Old.aspx

AAP. 2009. Cognitive development in preschool children. American Academy of Pediatrics. Https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/preschool/Pages/Cognitive-Development-In-Preschool-Children.aspx

AAP. 2009. Language development: 1 year olds. American Academy of Pediatrics. Https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/toddler/Pages/Language-Development-1-Year-Olds.aspx

AAP. 2009. Language development: 2 year olds. American Academy of Pediatrics. Https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/toddler/Pages/Language-Development-2-Year-Olds.aspx