Low back pain: causes, diagnosis & treatments


80% of people will experience back pain at some time, but there are ways to find relief.

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As people enter middle age, they are more likely to lớn experience bouts of low back pain. In fact, according to lớn the nhatroso.com Special nhatroso.com Report Men"s nhatroso.com: Fifty & Forward, back pain affects about four in five Americans at some point in their lives và equally strikes men and women.

Age is often the culprit. Over time, the bones & joints in your lower back begin lớn change. Your discs (the structures that serve as cushions between the bones in the spine) tend lớn wear out & sometimes become fragmented. These structural alterations sometimes cause pain.

Another cause of low back pain, although it occurs less often, is a herniated disc. Sometimes, a disc pushes outside the space between the bones và compresses a nerve at the point where it branches off the spinal cord. When the sciatic nerve that leads into the buttocks & leg is affected, the pain is called sciatica.

Yet, most cases of low back pain stem from strain or sprain due to lớn simple overuse, unaccustomed activity, excessive lifting, or an accident. In most cases the best move is khổng lồ wait và see if the pain resolves on its own. If the pain does not improve after three khổng lồ four days, then it"s time khổng lồ see a doctor.

However, depending on the source of your back pain & its severity, you might try a few trang chủ remedies for low back pain lớn help ease the pain until your back returns khổng lồ normal. Here are several options lớn consider:

Cold & heat therapies. It"s best to use cold compresses or an ice pack, not heat, immediately following a back injury, since this can alleviate pain by numbing the area và prevent or reduce swelling. About 48 hours after the onset of back pain, though, applying heating pads or a hot-water bottle to your back may be helpful. The warmth soothes & relaxes aching muscles & increases blood flow, which helps the healing process. Keep in mind that heat therapy is only helpful for the first week.

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Limited bed rest. Once the mainstay of treatment for back pain, bed rest has fallen out of favor. Doctors now know it"s better to keep moving, so that your muscles don"t become stiff. Bed rest can still be useful relief from low back pain, particularly if your pain is so severe that it hurts to sit or stand. But try lớn limit it to a few hours at a time & for no more than one or two days.

Physical activity. Exercise helps build strong, flexible muscles that will be less prone to injury. It can also help the healing process for an aching back, prevent problems in the future, và improve function. Work with your doctor lớn develop an exercise program, or seek a referral lớn another nhatroso.com professional who can. A good program typically includes the three major forms of exercise: aerobic activity, strength training, và flexibility exercises.

Complementary therapies. Several types of complementary therapy may be helpful for relief from low back pain. These include:

acupuncture, in which therapists insert hair-thin sterilized needles into precise points in the body toàn thân to release blocked energyspinal manipulation, in which chiropractors apply pressure directly to the toàn thân to correct spinal alignmenttherapeutic massage lớn relax aching musclesmovement therapies, such as yoga và tai chi, which can help stretch và strengthen back muscles.

Although the evidence is mixed about whether these therapies are effective, when they vì work, it is often when they are combined with the other trang chủ remedies for low back pain.

By Matthew SolanExecutive Editor, nhatroso.com Men"s nhatroso.com Watch

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