Mun made easy: how to get started with model united nations

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Many mã sản phẩm UN delegates are nội dung to see mã sản phẩm UN as an academic simulation where they can develop important skills, learn about the world, travel and come trang chủ with new friends & a positive experience. However, for many mã sản phẩm UN teams, the funding and their relationship with their academic institution depend on bringing back awards. While most societies bởi vì not give awards during their weekly practices, be they a Diplomacy Award, Best Delegate Award or Honorable Mention, awards are an inseparable part of most model United Nations conferences. Whether for the sake of your team or society, for yourself as a competitive mã sản phẩm UNer or as a MUN delegate who does not care about awards and just wants lớn challenge themselves và improve their skills, the following article on how lớn win model UN awards will đánh giá some of the most important Do’s & Don’ts to be the most effective delegate you can.

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It is true that the MUN tips & tricks in this article will help you learn how lớn be a good delegate at MUN. However, you will not get a model UN best delegate award, or any MUN awards and honors, if you vày not know how to vì MUN research, give effective speeches, have an understanding of how to write a resolution, position paper and all the other elements required before, and during, a mã sản phẩm UN conference. The article below is here to help you excel at the art. It is not a shortcut. This article can help you move from being a decent delegate to lớn a higher spot on the MUN awards list, but you will still need khổng lồ cover the basics & do the work.


The first rule for every effective delegate khổng lồ be yourself. Do not to try to lớn be a character you are not. Model UN is where many people match up against each other on multiple levels and the only way khổng lồ stand out is as the best version of you. Many new delegates feel that a good model UNer is someone who can give a Hollywood presidents or lawyers presentation which decisive after a single perfect knockout punch speech.


Example: That we try lớn emulate these image these same 20-50 something male protagonists is wholistically wrong. We are not them & what works for them might not work for us. Some of us speak in a softer voice. Some of us naturally speak more slowly. Some of us need lớn clasp our hands to lớn keep them from shaking & some of us need lớn keep our ever moving hands from hitting someone in the head. The key is to realize what kind of character we play, và to be the best version of that that we can. If we are good at compromises, we should make sure lớn be involved in lobbying và coalition maintenance. If we are good at ideas và resolution writing, but less good at interpersonal negotiation, we should find a speaker who can push our ideas while leaving us to vày what we vày best. All aspects of mã sản phẩm UN will improve with time but we need to lớn differentiate between copying a method (for example a strategic pause during a speech) & a personality (trying to lớn sound like Barack Obama). Whether speaking or lobbying, we will give the best presentations & be the best model UN negotiators we can. That will happen most effectively when we are aware of what we can and cannot do.


There are no shortcuts when it comes to model UN. An empty speech, presented confidently by a self aware delegate, will not get you far. The rule is that everything you say should move the debate forward. This means bring facts to help define the world during the earlier stages. This means lớn bring information which clashes with the other blocks case during the debate stage. This is not lớn say that the examples you bring can’t be about your country or that you can’t strategically plant information. Each speech should also forward your personal ambitions, và those of your block. The rule of thumb is that you should make sure each speech, motion and point of information has a goal, which is to lớn move the debate forward not just for yourself but for everyone.


When you choose the policies you would want khổng lồ see in a resolution, choose ideas you can see surviving the debate, negotiations & strategic compromises. Model UN is not about researching the past for the sake of knowing more. Mã sản phẩm UN is about taking information from our research và use it to lớn be able to lớn predict where the debate is going to và a guiding it there. Some ideas will be too extreme, or too country-specific, & won’t be able lớn get a majority. Look at the topic as an obstacle that needs khổng lồ be overcome. All delegates want lớn pass a resolution but to bởi vì that it needs khổng lồ fit the MUN Triangle.


You can choose a policy with two layers, one of which could be negotiated away. You can also start with the final policy that could get a majority and địa chỉ cửa hàng layers lớn be negotiated away. A relevant delegate is one who can guide their policy from beginning to lớn end.


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Example: The Policy: Giving amnesty lớn FARC fighters if they lay down their arms, including those who have blood on their hands, & reintroduce them into supervised jobs in Colombia. The Strategy: Most other delegates who read this clause will focus on the “blood on their hands” part. They will say that murder can’t be forgiven & possibly include the feelings & rights of the families. As a compromise you can take out that part & make this policy only for fighters who did not kill anyone. As a result, your clause gets into the resolution. The other delegates get a win because they “compromised you down” while in reality your clause, which still has significant impact, will not be protected by those you negotiated with và will likely be on the final resolution.

​As we can see, a strategic policy meant khổng lồ survive negotiation is the best way lớn ensure that at least some of your clause will reach the final resolution.


If they have no reason, because they don’t really have a case & aren’t really representing their country, go khổng lồ “When Needed, Teach Other Countries About Themselves”If they have a reason, try and find a compromise that would make them willing to tư vấn this. This could mean adding, or amending, a clause on location or agreeing to địa chỉ an amendment later. Adding these ideas is good to do as long as it doesn’t contradict or water down (too much) the main ideas of what you are trying to lớn pass.

Experienced model UN delegates can generally tell you where they stand on a given issue in ten seconds. However, more often than not, many delegates vì chưng not think of a clear position & simply have a general direction. When a delegate you are speaking khổng lồ has no information about their country, some information could be the difference in making them an ally.

Example: Topic: The conditions of the refugees in Hagadera, Kenya Guatemala: We want to improve the conditions of the refugees. We feel that are in pain and their life should be made better by the international community. The people living in Hagadera deserve better than this. I yield my time to lớn the chair.

When you hear a speech that is so general it could be given by any country in the room, is it likely that the delegate did not research or does not know how to think MUN. As the delegate of Guatemala did not say anything about their country or a policy, it is probably a good move to bởi some quick research about Guatemala, which you should have ready for when you later negotiate. However, it is not enough to lớn just give them facts about themselves lớn show that you know more about them than they do. You also need lớn help them develop their identity as a country. To be most effective, you need lớn give them information và also get commitments from them.


If a delegate does not say what they do, or vì chưng not, want you cannot negotiate. As seen in the Guatemala example above, many model UN speeches show no clear position and are just a string of words that show general goodwill. In such cases, when you speak khổng lồ the delegate, you want to lớn get parameters for negotiation. To vị this, you should ask them questions Socratic Method style so that you, & more importantly they, will know what they stand for.

The Socratic Method: 1. Ask a question from another 2. Use their answer to form a hypothesis 3. Chạy thử the hypothesis 4. Accept/reject according to lớn testing 5. Ask a new question based on the outcome of #4 until you reach a satisfactory conclusion

Example of Get Commitments:

Topic: The conditions of the refugees in Hagadera, Kenya

Guatemala: We want khổng lồ improve the conditions of the refugees. Uganda (you): So you want khổng lồ improve conditions by providing more medicine? Guatemala: No. Uganda: What about sanitation? That is a serious problem in parts of the camp. You also have issues with sanitation in your country. Guatemala: We do? Uganda: Yes, as of 2010 you provide under 80% of your country with advanced sanitation with generally low và inconsistent service. So, if Uganda were to lớn push for an improved sanitation clause to help countries with underdeveloped sanitation, would Guatemala support that? Guatemala: Guatemala could agree with that.

The information used above came from 6 seconds of internet search and a Wikipedia article on sanitation in Guatemala. Imagine what you could find in 30 seconds. The key is to lớn combine teaching countries about themselves with getting commitments. Once they start lớn stand for something, see if you can include their name as a signatory or, if relevant, as part of the clauses. In the best-case scenario you now have an ally who thanks you for giving them what khổng lồ say. Worst case they oppose you but now they have margins within which lớn negotiate & are no longer speaking in vague generalizations.


Unless it directly contradicts major policies in your resolution or helps another other strong block undermine your case in a significant way, give freebies khổng lồ less prominent countries in your block, or on the fence. You should be positive encouraging & easy lớn give verbal agreement, và even địa chỉ clauses khổng lồ your resolution, if it means these other countries will now side with you. Many clauses, often about education, bởi not contradict the main ideas và are generally not as important, even though they seem lớn matter a lot to the delegate who came up with them. If the clause isn’t good in its current size you, or the delegate bringing the clause, will need lớn rewrite it. This should only be done if it insures they will vote with you at the end. As they tribal elders say, if it costs you nothing, be generous.


A staple of the unmoderated part of mã sản phẩm UN committee sessions is the delegation of tasks. In such cases, an Ambitious Solo Player (ASP), who is often charismatic and is afraid to share credit, will delegate tasks that have no real value to lớn less experienced delegates. For example, they would ask their ring of supporters khổng lồ get signatures from countries who are already with them, or to lớn work on redundant preambulatory clauses.

A good chair is able to lớn see through this and, more importantly, delegates in their block are prime targets be adopted by the other block because they know what they vì chưng does not matter. Delegates in a committee are often more intelligent than the ASP gives them credit for. Also, as they learn more about mã sản phẩm UN they want to vày something of value.

If you are looking to be the block leader, the best way to keep your allies in your block is to get them invested. There is delegation as a boss và delegation as a peer through teamwork. To lớn help your potential allies get invested, give them tasks that matter. Let them write clauses of central importance to the resolution. Tell them to lớn go try and persuade an educated delegate or negotiate with a potentially important block. You only need one to lớn two clauses of your own in the resolution to get best delegate if you are ahead of the average in most categories. No one wins MUN alone. Lớn keep your block together, and team motivated, vị not be afraid to lớn give away tasks that matter. Those who feel they are important are the most likely khổng lồ stick with you until the end.


This might seem obvious but it is not. Humans can be petty. No one likes a “know-it-all” who shoved their excess of information in others faces. However, there is an emotion that can turn delegates against you which goes deeper than the anger or frustration. That emotion is jealousy.

It’s easy to lớn “hate” the rigid, fact spouting delegate who lacks social skills. It is also easy to lớn hate someone nice who is clearly very good at mã sản phẩm UN, simply because people want what they have. For this reason, the better you are the nicer you need to lớn be, especially when off the floor. This is an issue not only for power nguồn delegates but also more diplomatic style delegate who have good arguments, speak well và are competent across the board.

Jealousy is also a tool used by competitive players khổng lồ turn delegates against each other. For this reason, try lớn make sure there is always someone in the room who is a better target for collective jealousy / frustration / anger than you. This can be anyone but a strong player in the opposite block could be a good target.

Suggestions for likability

Include others in important decision makingCompliment your allies và mean itGo to lớn socials và actually have funBe friendly outside the roomDon’t be over aggressiveBe patientDon’t overreact if someone moves in on your “territory”

Model UN is about so much more than awards. Remember to smell the roses at the building entrance before you delegate your heart out. We also go to model UN khổng lồ meet people và make friends. Let that side shine through và you will not only be more likable but also have a better time and come away with more.


During an unmod, whether discussing ideas or writing the resolution, always physically place yourself in the middle. It should not seem forced but the central physical position is best khổng lồ be able to lớn respond và interact with everyone. It also helps to lớn make sure you don’t get edged out by some pushy ASP who forces themselves into the middle.

Sometimes there is a rush for middle spots by the power delegates in the early stages. In such cases go back to “Be Likable” & wait the fight for the center out. Usually, they will turn off most of the delegates by their nguồn play và a more calm circle can form. From that point, unless you are running around lobbying và have a trusted ally in the central position instead, you need lớn be physically in the middle as often as you can.


You may speak well, & be the conductor of every unmod, but if the chairs cannot connect some prominent idea in the resolution lớn you it is likely the Best Delegate will go khổng lồ someone else who they can connect to lớn a clause. This can happen even if this other delegate didn’t speak or lobby very well. When reviewing your performance, the chairs cannot ask “What did they say?”, “What was their idea?” or “Which resolution clause is theirs?”. If you want to be the undisputed Best Delegate you must have some part of the resolution undoubtedly associated with you.

Have a clause connected to lớn you is especially important if you feel your strengths are speeches or coalition building. You need khổng lồ make sure that at least one to lớn two ides of yours survive within the discussion (For tips on how to vày this see ”Build Your Case to lớn Compromise”). Your ideas need to lớn be clear enough that the chairs won’t be able to rule you out by asking themselves what substance YOU contributed lớn the discussion. In these cases, you need lớn read the room & be honest with yourself. If your idea is not one of the main policies in the discussion, especially after two hours of debate, it is likely that you need change something. Otherwise, you will not get credit for influencing the resolution.


If the policy ideas you prepared before the conference don’t stick after the first two to three hours they generally won’t not matter how hard you try. In such cases, your best options are (1) binding your idea lớn someone else’s policy or (2) jump onto one of the main policy ideas that did stick and start developing it further through additional detail.

Bind Your Ideas  When your clause is somehow related to lớn one of the main ideas being discussed you need to link it lớn such a clause so that others can defend it as well and you can stop spending all your time trying to lớn keep this idea afloat. To lớn be able to bởi vì so, you need to lớn find the strong clause within your block, connect your idea and then bring is up throughout the discussion where you can. Your part may not be the most prominent but it will now be protected, fought for and hopefully remembered when the chairs decided on awards.

Example: Your clause, which is not sticking, is about rehabilitation of teenagers who commit minor crimes in refugee camps, khổng lồ keep them out of trouble. A clause which talks about recruiting more teachers is getting much more discussion time. During the next unmod, you build a case that the new teachers will teach young people who are rehabilitated additional hours lớn keep them out of trouble. One sub clause linking your less discussed clause and the more prominent one will let you speak to other delegates, and during formal session, about your idea in a way that now ties into the main discussion. Re-emphasize your link a few times và you are on the way for getting credit for a more relevant idea.


This further analysis of the policy given but another delegate is lớn repeat their main point và then add to it layers that show how it previously could not have worked as well. You then continue khổng lồ build the case with your new layers of analysis as part of the point, showing how the policy would not work, or work as well, without your contribution. This should not be too difficult in the earlier stages of the simulation, as many ideas lack detail và could use further elaboration & explanation.

Example: You chose the policy of investing in further viral research. It does not catch at all. Another delegate has a clause to give out existing medicine to the infected population. In this case, you would completely drop your clause and jump on the existing clause by developing it further.  You could địa chỉ cửa hàng that giving medicines cannot work without specially trained doctors lớn administer it. You can say the population will make mistakes, not help themselves and waste expensive medicine without it. If done effectively the clause will have specially trained doctors added either to lớn it, or as a separate clause before it. If your charis are good chairs the credit for the idea will go to you because, while it did not start with you, you brought the elements without which the idea would not be as effective.


Looking at the example above for “Deeper Analysis” we can see that sometimes we need lớn drop the policy ideas we came with lớn stay relevant to the game. Many delegates will read a bad speech because they feel bound to lớn the ink on the page (it is less hard when typed). Many delegates will not drop a policy which is irrelevant khổng lồ the discussion. In the same way, many delegates feel they can’t leave a block, or coalition, even if it is off policy for them or another block would make more sense for their ideas or opportunity khổng lồ be a more central player.

Model UN is a living breathing entity. The simulation can go in all directions & every hour brings new challenges. To lớn stay in the game means flexibility and willingness to lớn quickly adapt are essential skills.

The main reason to not switch blocks is that you are concerned you won’t have time khổng lồ reach a màn chơi of seniority within the other block. This limit can be due to lớn time or strong delegates at the other sides head. However, if you are a competent, oftentimes the heads of the other side will invite you lớn join them khổng lồ weaken your former block & have another competent player help them pass their resolution. Sometimes a side switching delegates is worth more if they bring a few countries with them but if you are good enough you alone may be worth it.

You should not let worry about losing what you’ve build so far, as far as block position and alliances, keep you from leaving for a potentially better opportunity. We do not switch blocks in a vacuum. Remember that throughout the simulation the other delegates listen khổng lồ us speak & see us in action. This lets us build ‘street cred’, which can often allow us khổng lồ jump between blocks and move to lớn a higher position than we would have had we been silent for the entire debate. This is the same ngắn gọn xúc tích of a large merger where half the major contributors on both sides tóm tắt the sponsors spots. Also, you are rarely switching blocks before some kind of agreement is made. Whether during an unmod, lunch or a social, you should have an agreement from the other side that a place will be provided for you if you move.


A good chair evaluates the performance of the delegates holistically. This means they should be aggregating your influence on the following:

Agenda Setting – Your speeches, their nội dung and how they shape what is being talking about. In short, how much you are influencing what is being discussed in the room & where it is going.

Coalition Building & Maintaining – Your work during unmods. The countries you build into a block. Maintenance of the block. Effective work with others & your influence on them.

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Resolution Writing – How much writing you actively do. This also connects lớn “Have a Clause That YOU Get Credit For” so if you only write it, và don’t flag it in your speeches, it is not enough.

You do not need khổng lồ lead in all of these but make sure to bởi at least the minimum in the categories which are not your strengths so the chairs have no good excuse khổng lồ rule you out.

Note that maintaining this balance on your end can only work if the chair is paying attention và performing their role. If your chairs leave khổng lồ get coffee during unmoderated caucuses or are on their phone & not taking notes when the general speaker’s menu is taking place, you should inform the relevant secretariat. If this does not work, & they are not willing or able to make their chairs more serious, work extra hard on “Learn What The Chair Likes / Dislikes” (Coming up in a few tips)


A delegate should always try khổng lồ be on top form but some times are more critical than others. Specifically, you should make sure khổng lồ be as solid as possible before awards go in. Some conferences, specifically larger ones, could have awards decided by the kết thúc of the second day.

Words from the Masters: I delegated in in HNMUN in 2012. I had a paper khổng lồ write for uni that I put off and, after two strong days I decided that I had lớn finish the paper và spent the entire third day writing it. I was surprised at the kết thúc of the day when my delegation called me & told me I won best delegate. I wasn’t even at the closing ceremony lớn get the award.

Sometimes your chairs will leave the room with one of the secretariat stepping in to replace them. If this happens it’s too late. To lớn avoid this, try to lớn feel out when awards are given in. It usually isn’t that well guarded a secret. However, make sure to avoid asking your chairs or delegates in your committee. You bởi vì not want to lớn seem lượt thích an award seeker. Once you have your answer, time your performance to be on a high before the chairs decide the awards. Call for a moderated caucus on a topic that you are a central part of or have your resolution reviewed before this time. If the awards are decided the night before the final day finish the final session well. Also, now is a time lớn be especially friendly và nice (Read “be likeable” for guidance). Don’t come off lớn strong, desperate or show you’re aware that the moment of judgement is soon coming. Just be a good version of you, come of calm, relevant & strong & you should be at the forefront of their mind for awards.


To be the vị trí cao nhất delegate in your committee you will need lớn maintain a strong performance throughout the conference. This does not mean you can’t be less energetic for a few minutes here và there, or fade out for tens of minutes to write the resolution, you do not want lớn show activity in spasms. When a delegate is below average, & suddenly shines on the last day, or before the awards are selected, the chairs will, at best, say “that was a good show, pity they didn’t start sooner”.

Give a solid speech in the beginning, be involved throughout and be especially careful lớn stay strong during committee fatigue.


The energy of delegates usually comes in waves. There is a lot of enthusiasm at the beginning of each day as well as before lunch và after coffee breaks. There are also times when energy is low, such as towards the kết thúc of the first and second day or after a restful lunch. When energy is low less delegates offer khổng lồ speak and a consistent driving force is important. 

The end of the day is hard & the urge to vày anything but wait out the clock seems very unappealing. The way to overcome this is lớn remember that everyone feels the same fatigue as you, and that is what makes those who step above this desire to rest that helps them stand out. Also, those who shine when the room is down get credit for helping at a low point và are sometimes forgive for not being as dominant during the points of higher energy. Don’t see the low points as a drag, see them as an opportunity!


Taking part in the resolution writing, at least on a basic level, is a must. Also, in more competitive committees it is important to be part of the writing to protect your ideas và keep you, và your close allies, central contributors. However, even as you perform this important task, you should not drop off of the speakers list.

You might ask yourself “How bởi I speak when I’m busy writing the resolution?”. The answer is that you bởi vì not need to lớn give the speech of your life, nor bởi vì you need lớn speak often. In a 50 person room, to lớn speak every 15 speeches or so, while writing the resolution, is completely doable.

Your speeches vì chưng not need lớn be original, or fact filled. The goal is simply khổng lồ show that you are aware and still part of the discussion, even as you multitask.

Things you can easily speak about: – Listen to a speech by the other block, take some notes & give a response. – Listen khổng lồ someone from your block & echo their main points. – Bring up one or two of the main clauses in the resolution khổng lồ flag it in everyone’s minds. – Repeat a good speech of yours from earlier in the simulation swapping some of the facts or examples (It’s amazing how often your speech will still be relevant).

The content does not need to be perfect but lớn make sure that the chair does not forget your existence. With practice, it takes only a few seconds here & there khổng lồ collect the information for the speech and will show you to be a much better & wholistic delegate.


When the blocks are about even in size, and a merger did not work, there is sometimes a dynamic where every block will fail the resolution that is not theirs. In such cases, many undecided countries will vote for the last resolution. They bởi vì this lớn have something to show for three days of debate, writing & lobbying. As the resolution that passes gets extra attention when deciding awards (though by no means is it the main factor) you should try và take advantage of this “pity vote”.

For this tactic to work well, you need lớn disguise that you are reordering the resolutions lớn make yours last.

Example: Draft Resolution 2.0 is yours. There are four drafts. The main block opposing you is the sponsor of 3.0 và the one you are friendliest with is Draft Resolution 4.0. You, or someone else who works with you (possibly less visibly connected to your block because you obviously are) motions to reorder the drafts in the order of 4.0, 1.0, 3.0, 2.0. Hopefully, moving 4.0 first will be the main focus. If your block và the 4.0 block tư vấn the reorder but don’t have the complete majority, 2.0 will end up last with 4.0 the first in the series of resolutions to lớn fail.

If you can, get someone less connected khổng lồ a specific block, or from another block, to motion for the reordering. However, vì chưng not forget the most important rule of all: Do not reorder unless you are sure that your resolution will pass và not another. If there is even a doubt that your reordering might leave you in a worse position best khổng lồ avoid this altogether.


Sometimes our block falls apart too close khổng lồ the over to rebuild. Sometimes our country’s foreign policy forces us into a position which doesn’t let us merge with the larger blocks working papers. Sometimes we simply get outplayed. In all of these cases, and others like them, the only way to lớn be considered for an award is khổng lồ show how other countries are actually: Off policy Have no moral high ground & are simply interest oriented Violate the spirit of the United Nations

In other words, if you’re out, make sure to lose gloriously.

Losing gloriously will not work with one or two speeches. It needs khổng lồ be prepared hours in advance. Ideally, you need khổng lồ start to lớn set up your glorious loss the moment you feel that there is no way for you lớn be on a resolution, that will get a majority & to remain on policy. Example:

Topic: Cloud Seeding Australia: “The other countries in this room want khổng lồ seed clouds with chemicals. They claim it will help crops grow safer và faster. However, the real beneficiaries are going lớn be Monsanto, Bayer, Dupont & the others who will be the ones benefiting from tampering with the weather khổng lồ improve crop yields. In fact, it is likely some countries in this room already have governments that fall victim khổng lồ their powerful lobby.”

Following this speech nước australia would bring examples of how various countries not not protect their populations from corporate manipulation and abuse. While the draft resolution would try to show how more food can be made available, nước australia would need to show how country after country is at least partially off policy by joining the draft resolution. If other countries off the policy join in, there will be a vocal minority who will try và show that the majority are actually off policy, are doing what is worse for their people and unwilling khổng lồ compromise. Leading such an opposition, who are more thought out, bring more examples and remain consistent is a definite way khổng lồ get into the chairs considerations for awards based on contribution khổng lồ debate.

For more detail on losing gloriously read our article on how to lớn stay diplomatically relevant without a coalition or majority.


Chairs hate crosstalking. Your fellow delegates who are speaking will not lượt thích it as well. You also vày not lượt thích it unless it is you who is talking. For this reason writing notes is a prevenalt tool in model UN. It avoids the chairs ire and also lets you avoid the worry of someone else overhearing. You can also use it lớn communicate across the room. This is even easier to do when double delegating because writing notes does not come at the expense of listening, working on drafts, lobbying or anything else.

Note writing can take up a lot of time và focus so do your best to find a balance. Some notes, however unimportant, can come at a political cost if unanswered. Some notes, with strategic allies, need proper ad detailed answers. Sometimes, after you give an excellent speech, you will be flooded with notes. It is not easy 

A strategy khổng lồ maximize notework in a committee with only individual delegates is finding another competent delegate who is willing lớn work with you. You can take turns answering notes và even write in each others names. You need to trust this other delegate but this kind of symbiosis can go a long way. If you are a slow writer, pre write headings. If you have unique handwriting, vì your best. Cảnh báo passing và exchange is a very important part of every simulation & not taking part misses an entire layer of information and influence.


This one is very very important. As much as we may pretend it can be quantified, mã sản phẩm UN is a human game. Your chairs will have their own pet peeves và biases. This can’t be helped because we are all human. Good chairs can overcome personal bias, will read the room objectively and make a fair call on awards.

The problem is when we get objectively bad chairs. There can be a whole slew of reasons for why bad chairs get to lớn chair but model UN is a very large world with many conferences & no overarching body. Because anyone can do mã sản phẩm UN, conferences very in academic chất lượng and accountability. Chairs who let their personal feelings on a topic, or high opinions of themselves, get in the way of an objective evaluation of the delegates performance, should not get in the way of you winning an award. You simply need to tailor your performance to lớn their sensitivities.

One way lớn learn about your chairs is khổng lồ ask about them. You can ask people at the conference, or veteran MUNers in your society. It is likely that someone will know someone who has been chaired by them before or, if they are first timers (sometimes conferences have first timers as main chairs) someone has delegated with them in the past. If the main chair has never chaired or delegated before, thus depriving you of any useful intel, you may want to reevaluate the conferences to lớn go to.

Scan the Study Guide Sometime a chairs bias can be found in the study guide / background guide. If the view of the issue seems significantly slanted, and there is no lack of information online, you found the chairs personal preference. Bởi vì your best lớn not directly oppose what your chair seems to like or value.

Let others go first  If you are unsure what the chair responds to, let others kiểm tra the water. If you are confident that you can trang điểm the difference of not having a killer start within the first hour, make your speeches good but not great. Watch how the chair responds khổng lồ louder & more dynamic performances. See what arguments and styles they respond to. After you get an idea of what resonates with them, tailor your performance to lớn that.

Words from the masters: A beginner delegates worries about their own speech và listens lớn no one else, an intermediate delegate listens lớn all speeches and amends theirs accordingly, a master delegate looks at the room, sees the dynamics và personality times, seems what is missing và becomes that. 

When unsure, don’t start too strong until you know what you are dealing with. Some chairs will give extra speaking time to lớn those who offer lớn speak. Somce chairs will try lớn give khổng lồ those who don’t speak too often. Some chairs will respect you more when you call a point of order. Some chairs will take the point of order personally and never consider you for any award. Information is your greatest weapon when adapting to lớn your chairs. Good chairs will often be harder to read even but will still vị a good job. Adapting khổng lồ petty sensitivities is more for the bad chairs, and it is a pity to lose an award because you expected them to vày a better job than they are capable of. Take the time khổng lồ watch and learn. Your patience will rewarded tenfold.

Don’t Be a Suck Up

Play hard khổng lồ get with the chairs. There will be many delegates who suck up to lớn them & chairs usually don’t lượt thích that. If your chair is the type to give into false flattery you should adapt accordingly. Otherwise, you should not engage the chairs but rather have them feel they should get to lớn you. Let others put your name forward when possible. Keep your distance và keep interactions profesional.

Show yourself to be above trying khổng lồ gain the chairs favor through offering chocolate or false interest in their personal lives. Chairs will be skeptical of interactions outside of the session, so make sure to lớn avoid what can be perceived as you trying to suck up. You can show visibility through speeches & personally engages the chairs by giving in the draft resolution or calling for relevant points. Just as with delegates, we want khổng lồ be in the position where others seek after us. Where possible, this should be done with the chairs as well as with fellow delegates.

To better understand how a chair sees the room, & for your own knowledge when you get into chairing, check out our article on how to lớn chair like a pro.


How to Win Best Delegate in a model UN Security Council

The model United Nations Security Council has a few features that stand out. The Security Council is a small committee, meaning that each vote counts for more & delegates will get much more of speaking time. There are special considerations for the P5, which revolves around threatening, but not using, the veto và trying not to lớn be a pushy jerk (See “Be Likeable”)

MUN Security Council Tips

Tips for the P5

Don’t be a Jerk First rule of the P5. Showing off that you have a vote, permanent seat or special rights in the committee does you no favors và wins you no friends. Everyone in the room wants khổng lồ be you, or at least the country you represent. You will win best delegate by being nice, friendly & human. If you don’t, it will be easier for others khổng lồ turn the room against you.

Motion for P5 Caucuses Sparingly The P5 caucus gives you a chance to speak to the others away from the room. However, according to almost all Rules of Procedure, the rest of the committee get to set in an unmod. While they could spend the time working on the draft resolution they will, most likely be using the time lớn plot. They will be plotting about how to lớn supplant you.

Do Not Veto A veto is lượt thích an atom bomb. Until you use it you can be M.A.D. Scary. Once you use it, destroying everyone elses work, you are a quái dị who will not be forgive or forgotten for what you did. This loathing will be heaped upon you because you did not diplomatically find a way out và instead something died.

This does not mean lớn never vày it BUT if you veto you have to make sure lớn justify it extensively! (See “Losing Gloriously” above for more details)

Get The Other P5 khổng lồ Veto If you can get someone else khổng lồ veto you can make the committee feel about them what they could have potentially felt about you. This comes from setting a clash that, if maneuvered correctly, will eventually force them khổng lồ veto the resolution. Assuming you can keep the moral high ground them vetoing while you kept your cool and show them for the bully they are could win you the best delegate.

Tips for a UNSC Non P5 Country

Form Blocks of 3-4 & Get Your Own Veto The P5 have a technical veto but without the votes of enough of the non P5 a resolution can’t pass. It is true that the P5 have an initial advantage but they can only get away with it if you let them. If you can get one, or more, of the P5 to veto (See “Get the Other P5 to lớn Veto” above) you can show yourself to lớn be more diplomatic but that still doesn’t show consensus building or moving towards a solution. With 3-4 countries with you, you now have a Non Permanent thành viên Veto (NPM Veto) & can block a resolution just like a P5 & this potential

Protect Your Non Permanent thành viên Veto With your NPM Veto you outmaneuvered the P5 & forced them khổng lồ negotiate with. You are now at the big delegates table and prevented them from dividing up the world between themselves. This does not mean you are immortal. You are at the table only as long as you have the NPM Veto, or enough other countries khổng lồ block a resolution with the numbers. The P5 will be aware that your strength is your block and will try to lớn pick away them. They will bribe, threaten & may even promise to lớn put their clauses in the resolution if they drop you. Bởi vì not let it happen. Protect your little block.

Remind The Security Council Who Is Real the “Enemy” Is Part of the strength of the P5 is that the rest of the room is not united. When a non P5 create a NPM Veto they change the ballance. This works in rooms where all P5 are strong và rooms where only one of two are actually skilled & engaged. However, the real way lớn disable the power nguồn of the P5 is not khổng lồ attack the P5, either separately or together. The key to reducing the use of those powers is to belittle và mock the “archaic và unfair” structure of the Security Council itself. Start using such language in your speeches and, lớn seem lượt thích team players, at least some of the P5 should join in. This will build up over time và lead to significant peer pressure anytime any P5 uses their rules. If you can make use of the rules feel like cheating, even though it is technically correct, the committee will feel that the delegates who use it are playing unfairly. Every Security Council delegate also delegate in the other model UN committees. Make use of the P5 rules seem unsportsmanlike. The P5 will probably use these rules khổng lồ jeers và sighs, especially from the other P5 who want to seem lượt thích regular delegates. This active self restraint, by the P5, from using the P5 rules is your best chance to play on equal footing in a Security Council.

Observer States in a MUN Security Council Some feel that it is difficult to lớn win mã sản phẩm UN awards as an observer. This is incorrect. Observer countries in a model UN Security Council are not allowed lớn vote on the final resolution. They are still allowed lớn vote on all procedural motions (which moderated caucus to lớn discuss) and can write clauses in the resolution. Observers should be as involved as if they had a vote. They should show a stronger performance before closure of debate because they will have a harder time in the final stages of the game. The way to balance that is to lớn give on topic motion and own the ideas so that the resolution that is voted on has the observers fingerprints all over it even if they can’t vote on it. Throw in stressing the bad form of the P5 to lớn use special rules và the observer can be at relevant as any thành viên of the room. Make sure lớn be extra stable during the first 2/3rds of the session và trust the chairs to vì chưng the math. Not all chairs evaluate correctly all the time but good chairs are aware of the setback observers have and give awards accordingly.